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Ebrahim Aryani Ghizghapan, Adel Zahed Bablan, Parvaneh Rahimi, Mahdi Moeinikia,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2017)

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to explain the mediating role of social capital in the relationship between the application of virtual social network and knowledge sharing practices in cyberspace.
Methods: The research in terms of the main strategy, was quantitative, in terms of the strategy, was field, and in terms of analytical, was descriptive-post-event technique. The statistical population consisted of postgraduate students users of telegrams social network at Mohaghegh Ardabili University in the academic year of 2016-2017. The sampling method was random. The sample size according to the Kregci-Morgan model and with error α = 0.05, was considered 210 persons. To collect data, virtual social networking questionnaire (with reliability α= 0.70), Social Capital Questionnaire of Nahapiet and Ghoshal (1998) (with reliability α= 0.93) and Knowledge Sharing Questionnaire of Bohlool (1392) (with reliability α= 0.93) was used. Validity of the tools was confirmed by the professors of education and psychology. Data were analyzed using two software’s SPSS v. 22 and Lisrel 8.50 and analyzed by structural equation modeling.
Results: The results showed that the proposed model had suitable fit (x2/df=2.96, GFI=0.93, AGFI=0.92, CFI=0.91, NFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.81) and the component of virtual social networking has a direct and indirect effect through the component of social capital on knowledge sharing in cyberspace (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The social network of Telegram, based on its hyperactivity capacity in shaped relationships, has been developing the behavior of user knowledge sharing in the cyberspace. Therefore, educating and developing and continuously monitoring the space of these networks and planning for the future can be a major proposition for virtual domain managers.
Mr. Ramin Gharibzadeh, Dr. Mahdi Moeinikia, Mr. Khalil Mokallaf Sarband,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2020)

Background and Aim: The purpose was to analyze the effect of administrators professional ethics on teachers' ethical decision making by examining the mediating role of information literacy among teachers in the second district of Urmia.
Method: Study is a descriptive, correlational survey.  Population comprised of  982 teachers in District 2, of which 262 were selected by simple random sampling method using Morgan table. Instruments were: Ghasemzadeh et al.'s Professional Ethics Questionnaire (2013), Katl Ethical Decision Making Questionnaire (2003), and Davarpanapah DAS Information Literacy Questionnaire (2008). Validity (content, convergent and divergent) and reliability (factor loading, composite reliability coefficient and Cronbach's alpha coefficient) of the questionnaires indicated that the measuring instruments have a good validity and reliability.
Results: Results of hypotheses testing by SMART-PLS software,  using t-test and path coefficients (β) showed that professional ethics has a strong, direct significant effect on information literacy of teachers in District Two of Urmia. Also, professional ethics and information literacy have a strong, direct significant effect on the moral decision-making of teachers in the second district of Urmia. Then again, information literacy can play a mediating role in the relation of professional ethics and teachers 'ethical decision-making. Professional ethics may be used as a moderating variable to enhance the positive effect, information literacy has on teachers' ethical decision-making.
Conclusion: Managers through in-service training increase teachers' information literacy, subsequently creating an honest relationship with teachers to transfer ethics to them and participate in decision-making to prove responsibility and honesty in matters to them and in the result of school affairs is going well.
Ph.d Candidate Sarvenaz Hoseinrazavi, Dr Zohre Davoudpour, Dr Manouchehr Tabibian, Dr Maryam Moeinifar,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (5-2021)

Purpose: Technology has influenced cities to undertake fundamental functional changes and be recognized as a new appearance in the 21st century. These deviations have created a dual living space and citizens with varied behaviors. In other words, the hybrid urban space had shaped the citizen dichotomy with dual real-virtual function. This study is focused on the spatial-functional duality of citizens in Tehran through the virtual and the real world.
Method: Method was qualitative applied research in nature and purpose. Data collection was completed via simple random questionnaire and field documentation.  Population was all residents of Tehran and sample consist of 559 people determined by Cohen's formula from 22 regions. Validity of the instrument was measured through 35 questionnaire and reliability was based on Cronbach's alpha.
Findings: There is a significant correlation between research variables. The relation of social interactions and the urban body takes precedence over technology. Consequently, this is an emphasis on citizen interaction with the city in the age of technology. In other words, technology plays the role of interface and communication facilitator.
Discussion and Conclusion: Result display that by the interaction of three main elements: city (physical context/body), citizen and technology - the phenomenon of dichotomous citizen and hybrid space in Tehran is increasing
Hamidreza Rostami, Shaban Elahi, Ali Moeini, Alireza Hassanzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (2-2022)

Background:  Semantic technologies (STs) have made machine reasoning possible by providing intelligent data management methods. This capability has created new forms of interaction between humans and STs, which is called "semantic interaction."  The increasing spread of this form of interaction in daily life reveals the need to identify the factors affecting it and introduce the requirements of a synergistic interaction, which in this study is interpreted as a model of symbiosis.
Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to investigate what, why, and how human-ST symbiosis occurs in the form of a symbiosis model. Providing such a model could be valuable in developing active strategies in the face of intelligent technologies.
Methodology:  The study introduces actor-networks of human symbiosis based on the actor-network methodology. Data was collected through in-depth interviews with eight managers, experts, and users in the Computer Research Centers of Islamic Sciences (CRCIS) and examined using the actor network method. All phases of data collection, implementations, coding and analysis were done under NVivo software.
Findings: In the human-ST symbiosis, beside human eleven other actors:  Semantic products, context, infrastructure, data, knowledge, social media, Web, scientific centers, organization, AI and ontology are identified. Their interaction establishes seven dynamic actors-networks of symbiosis: Product design and development, use, leadership and management, data, knowledge management, training and contextual conditions.
Conclusion: Semantic products alongside human beings are independent, autonomous, and self-aware actors who are able to go beyond mere mediation of change and govern social change in the Human-ST symbiosis. In such circumstances, man, as the creator and maintainer of the semantic product, in addition to strengthening the technical capabilities in the creation of the product, must entrust to the product the things that the product is able to do.

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