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Zeinab Sedighi, Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Atefeh Zarei,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (9-2016)

Purpose: Digital library user interfaces has a determining role in desirable performance of this kind of libraries. Digital Library service providers to the blind and deaf users will have their best performance when the users (deaf and blind users) could have a proper interaction with them. This study aims to evaluate and analyze the criteria related to user interface in digital libraries service provider to the blind and deaf users in the world.

 Methodology: This is an applied and evaluative study. This study has been used library research method for extracting criteria and descriptive survey method for everything from evaluating library. A checklist consist of 13 criteria (Screen capabilities, Ability of organizing the screen, Search facilities, Links, Visual symbols and images, Options for customizing the texts, Help services and Tips, Error message alert, Interaction and feedback facilities, user interface Language, User controls, Library resources in various format, Study facilities of retrieved resources from the library) and 109 component is prepared. Then have been finalized by using the Delphi method and completed for each Library. 12 digital library service providers to blind and deaf user in the world perform the population.

Finding: Results of the study showed that the criteria of '' user interface language '' (with 97.92 %) and the criteria of '' user control'' (with 9.67 %) reached the highest and lowest scores respectively. Among the 12 digital libraries investigated worldwide, "Digital library for the blind" with respect 63.53 reached the maximum and "U.S. National Library Service for Blind" with respect 37.62 grasped the minimum levels.

Mansoreh Hoseinishoar, Alireza Esfandyari Moghadam, Atefeh Zarei, Mohammad Hassanzadeh,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2017)

Background and Aim: This research was performed to investigate factors affecting the adoption of Web 2.0 technologies in E-Government from the perspective of the Hamadan province's citizens who refer to the offices of E-government using a descriptive survey.
Methods: this survey is applied using descriptive-analytic approach. To collect the required research data, a researcher-made questionnaire was used. This questionnaire includes 24 questions in 7 dimensions (Economic, Individual, Technological, Cultural, Organizational, Motivational and Social Factors) and 5 questions related to demographic information. The statistical population of the survey includes citizens who apply for public and private sector services to E-government counter offices. A sample using stratified random sampling with proportional allocation was determined 518 people. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS-24 and Amos-24 software.
Results: The results from this research showed a significant relationship between all the 6 factors of economic, individual, technological, cultural, organizational and motivational factors in the Web 2.0 technologies acceptance to implement E-government in the Hamadan. Nonetheless, no relationship was found between results from the social factors and Web 2.0 technologies acceptance.
Conclusion: Based on the results, in order to invest in the implementation of E-government based on Web 2.0 technologies focus should be on the field of economic, individual, technological, cultural, organizational and motivational factors. Because each of these factors has subcomponent that provide the context for development of these factors will indirectly affect the other factors.

Mahnaz Ghanbarzade, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Seyed Ali Aliakbar Famil Rohani, Atefe Zarei,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (9-2018)

The purpose of this study was to explain the impact of information and communication technology on the use of information among the elite Brilliant talents of the Young and Elite Research Club of Islamic Azad University.
Methodology, In this research, qualitative methodology has been used with an interpretive approach and using grounded theory. In the process of constructing the ground theory, there are three stages of data encoding: open coding, axial encoding, and selective coding. Encoding is an analytical process in which data is segmented, conceptualized, and integrated, so that they can formulate the final theory. In the process of coding, the unit is the concept of analysis. The data collection was conducted through a semi-structured interview with pre-designed questions. Questions were asked about the respondent's response when asked to answer the questions when needed. The research community is the elite and talented talents of the Young and Elite Research Club of Islamic Azad University. A targeted sampling was used to select the research sample. The sample size was determined during the work. The research sample was 22 elite and talented members of the young and elite scholars club of Islamic Azad University, which according to the characteristics of the subjects under study, through the representative of the club to provide access to these people.
Findings, the elite, are searching for a lot of information, cultivating their curious minds, so that they do not ignore any information, and, with the choice of information, seek, in their entirety, their puzzle pieces. On the other hand, they collect information based on the most relevant, newest, or based on the importance and credibility of the information using mental ability and visual memory. On the other hand, in different stages of the process of using information, they use the capabilities and the most important features of information and communication technology tools for storing, processing, accessing information, and so on.
Conclusion, In the process of information retrieval, there is an innovative touchdown. The largest eclectic wizard for using online information technology tools is the security and space for storing, generating, transferring and sharing information.
Keywords, Use of Information, Information and Communication Technology, Elite, Innovation
Mrs Farahnaz Naderbeigi, Dr Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Dr Atefeh Zarei, Dr Behrooz Bayat,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2020)

Purpose and background: One usually think of information as means to an end.  Despite the excessive worth of information - contrary to man's inherent need for awareness - some avoid information, favoring ignorance over knowledge. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the concept of information evasion, consequences and factors influencing it.
Methodology: The study was a systematic review of literature associated with information avoidance. Initially, terms such as "Information rejection," "Information escape,"  "Information avoidance,"   "Nonuse of information" were searched in the WoS and Scopus citation databases, as well as the Persian databases of Noormags, Sid, Elmnet, and the comprehensive humanities portal. MAXQDA software was used to study and analyze the literature.
Findings: Information avoidance is a set of selective behaviors and actions intended to stop, limit, and/or delay the search for, the encounter with, the processing of, and/or the use of unpleasant information. Information avoidance is multidimensional information. Various factors affect information avoidance some of which are personal, and some are environmental. Information avoidance has many types, including active and passive, comprehensive and selective, deliberate and defensive.
Conclusion: Some people avoid information by predicting the impact of information on their present or future lives. Information avoidance is still not well understood because a good deal of research has focused on information avoidance from a specific perspective. Although research streams cross at various points in terms of information avoidance. Given the harmful consequences of information avoidance, research policy should pay special attention to this issue so that, with the help of researchers in other fields, a solution can be found.

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