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Dr Khadije Morady, Dr Amir Ghaebi, Dr Massomeh Karbalaei,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2019)

Background and Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate the prevailing views in the field of information retrieval in information science (system-oriented, user-oriented and domain-oriented) and to enlighten the new view of "semiotics."  The research seeks to answer the following questions: What are the main components of the views in information science? What are the characteristics of the semiotic view  and what is its added value compared to other perspectives?
Methods: Researches  that have used the concepts, models and theories of semiotics in various fields of information science were searched in the databases of Emerald, Scopus, Google Scholar. The retrieved articles were reviewed with the selection of 23 Articles.  The title, abstract and results of the articles as well as the full text of 5 articles associated to the purpose of the research were analyzed via content analysis method.
Results: Findings showed that most of the research in the field was published between 2000 and 2018 by mostly researchers in Denmark. Some articles have explained and defined the concept of information based on the concepts and theories of semiotics and had presented a new view on information science based on the classification, called the semiotic view.
Conclusion: The results showed that system-oriented, user-oriented and domain-oriented views emphasized the document and each of them emphasized an aspect. The semiotic point of view, information is intended as sign and can combine the characteristics of the three views and define the information regardless of the media that carries it and remove the boundaries of the document.
Dr Batul Keykha, Dr Amir Ghaebi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (5-2022)

Purpose: The study aims to weight, determine the priority, and investigate the direction of influencing and susceptibility of the components of "information literacy skills" by considering the importance of the information context of the community in training these skills in order to eliminate their gaps and promote the "information literacy skills" of the community.
Methodology: This is an applied quantitative study, using "multi-criteria decision-making" methods based on techniques of "Paired Comparisons" through Dalala Dematel - by applying MATLAB software.
Findings: The results of Dematel matrix investigated the influence and susceptibility of "information literacy skills" and measured their weights. Moreover, results showed the priority of training of components to improve and eradicate the gaps of the "information literacy skills" respectively as follows: "Information access skills," "information assessment skills," "information use skills," "information dissemination skills," "Skills of understanding and recognizing the information need," and "information combination skills."
Conclusion: Using "paired comparisons" techniques as a new approach in the field of "information literacy studies" could be beneficial in deciding to train "information literacy skills" in different information contexts. Weighting and studying the influence and susceptibility of components of "information literacy skills" on each other showed that the components that are ranked in the first priorities include more relative weights and in comparison, with next components are more important in terms of the need for education and promotion.  Informing decision-makers on the influence measure of components on each other has a significant and a prominent role in deciding and adopting appropriate trends in training "information literacy skills" based on the importance and priority of skills, and can provide guidance to policymakers, instructors, and researchers in this field.

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