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Showing 16 results for Information Literacy

Hasan Mahmoudi, Abolfazl Taheri,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2015)

Background and Aim: This research aims to explore relation between health literacy and information literacy of post-graduate students in Ferdowsi university of Mashhad.

Method: This research is descriptive-correlational survey research. Population included post-graduate students of Ferdowsi university of Mashhad that 368 of them were selected via stratified sampling. Two Questionnaires were used for data collection. First one was Health Literacy for Iranian Adults (HELIA) that was a reliable and valid instrument for measuring health literacy in Iran and include the following constructs: ability to read, ability and skills to access, understand, and appraise health information, make decisions, and practice in order to maintain or improve health. The second one was designed by the researchers in order to measure information literacy skills including four dimensions: identifying information needs, locating, organizing, and evaluating information.

Results: Finding showed that 25% of students have inadequate health literacy, 38.31% of them have moderate literacy and others have normal high-quality health literacy. Also, their information literacy level is higher than average. Also the results show significant and positive correlation between information literacy and health literacy. Level of health literacy in female students is higher than males and level of this variable in Ph. D. Students is more than Master students. Findings showed that post graduate students search the internet and communicate with friends in order to acquire health information.

Conclusion: Since, Impact of Information literacy on information skills from the access to evaluation and use of information. So, Enhancement of information literacy skills in students could improve their health literacy. Accordingly, libraries can increase level of students’ health literacy by learning information literacy skills. Some libraries’ programs are noticed in order to enhance level of students’ health literacy and information literacy

Elham Esmaeil Pounaki, Mohammad Reza Esmaili Givi, Fateme Fahimnia,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (3-2016)

Background and Aim: The aim search was to investigate the relationship between media literacy and information literacy of students of communication and information sciences and knowledge studies, and its impact on their entrepreneurial ability.

Methods: This is a survey correlational method. Population consists of postgraduate students in information science and knowledge and communication sciences at Tehran and Allameh Tabatabai University. Data was collected from two sources: library documents and questionnaires. First, library method was used to examine the theoretical foundations of media literacy, information literacy and entrepreneurship. Then, by careful examination of literature - based on the research model - a questionnaire created and distributed. Data was analyzed by  Independent One-Sample t-Test  and Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient.

Results: Findings showed that the level of media literacy and information literacy of students is desirable and the level of characteristics of entrepreneurship is relatively desirable.

Conclusion: The Pearson Correlation test showed a significant relationship between the variables of media literacy and information literacy. The impact of information literacy on entrepreneurial ability was confirmed and the impact of media literacy on entrepreneurial ability was rejected. 

Fatemeh Saleki Maleki, Esmat Momeni, Golnesa Galini Mogadam,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (3-2017)

Background and Aim: This study is set to represent information search process in the selected preschool children in Tehran (namely Mahgol and Taranom) and compare the results with BAT model.
Methods: This is an Applied and comparative study with qualitative approach based on grounded theory. Research population was preschool children in Tehran from two different regions of city. Sampling was done by multi-stage and clustering purposive method. Considering the context of the society, preschools in two different regions of Tehran were selected. 20 children were selected as a sample of the study. Three groups including children, teachers and parents were studied.
Results: The results show that information search behavior in Mahgol and Taranom preschools include education, preparing, predictive behavior, curiosity and incomprehension. In comparison with BAT model, it has education of concepts instead of reading. They have shown planning, finding, gathering data and organizing behavior in doing research assignments. Defining behavior was rare and there were no evaluating behavior in comparison with BAT model. Some similar behaviors with BAT model were seen in the second stage. Happiness behavior was seen less than other behaviors. Referencing was seen in the telling stage and there was little interpreting and integrating. The same behaviors with BAT model were seen in the third stage.
Conclusion. Educating information search process to preschool children based on BAT model can enrich children’s skills in research.

Nastaran Poursalehi, Fatima Fahimnia, Abbas Bazargan, Maryam Nakhoda,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (3-2017)

Background and Aim: Information literacy is a contextual concept that needs to be studied in different contexts like schools. Promoting reading literacy is a core instructional objectives of Persian literature curriculum and also a part of information literacy. Understanding Concept of information literacy helps us to understand information literacy in elementary schools and can implement it in information literacy Instruction and Assessment of schools.

Methods: This research is a phenomenological research that used Qualitative Content Analysis technique for analyzing Semi structured interviews and Observations. Theoretical sampling was used and three schools were selected. We interview with four Teachers and observed four classes in Fourth Grade.

Findings: based on data analyzing we can describe information literacy for language in  Fourth Grade in this phrases: “Set the scene: Make a space for thinking, reflecting and planning”, “ emerging of determining information need”, “locating and searching of information”, “information engagement”, “information Processing”, “record, organize and ethical use of information”, “Communication”, “Presentation”.

Result: based on findings, teachers highly focused on developing skills of information engagement(reading, listening, viewing), Information Processing(supplying Infrastructures of text understandings; Practice textual, audio, visual comprehension; practicing information processing in action), presenting information(in written and Unwritten format and learning how to do them). Integrating information literacy with language curriculum seems that can help to achieve language instructional objectives. The findings can be used for designing instrument of information literacy assessment and also can be used for teacher training.

Leila Khalili, Aziz Hedayati Khoshemehr, Samad Rasoulzadeh Aghdam, Behnaz Sheibany,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (9-2017)

Background and Aim: Information literacy is a key element in the development of an independent and effective learning in higher education in the 21st century. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between information literacy and learning motivation in undergraduate students. In addition, the mean score of information literacy was measured based on educational and demographic variables.
Methods: This applied research carried out with a quantitative approach and survey method. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire. The study population was undergraduate students at Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University and 379 samples were selected using stratified random sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics analyses (Pearson correlation, independent T and ANOVA) were performed using SPSS software.
Results: Students' information literacy based on five standards was 2.48. Based on the findings of the Pearson correlation coefficient with 99 percent confident there was positive and significant relationship between information literacy and learning motivation. In addition there was positive and significant relationship between information literacy and Grade Point Average (GPA)  of students with 99 percent confident. Based on independent T-test was not observed a significant difference in male and female students' information literacy. ANOVA test showed a significant difference with 99 percent confident between information literacy and entrance year of students. Based on ANOVA test there was no significant differences on students' information literacy based on field of study.
Conclusion: Students' information literacy unsatisfactory. Information literacy had a positive relationship with learning motivation. Also there was a positive relationship between information literacy and academic performance (GPA). Information literacy of senior students was more than freshmen. Information literacy of students in four areas of study (Humanities, Engineering, Agriculture and Science) was almost similar.

Dr. Mohsen Nowkarizi, Mr. Ali Akbari, Dr. Reza Rostami, Dr. Ali Moghimi,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (3-2019)

Background and Aim: Under the influence of various factors, people use different methods and methods to obtain information and express different information behaviors. These behaviors have been introduced in the form of patterns and models of information retrieval by information science experts in recent decades, which can be used in various fields. One of these areas that almost all people are directly or indirectly involved in is the field of treatment and medicine.   
Methods: This paper whit quasi-experimental examines the Analysis of information behavior of psychotherapists in the process of diagnosing and treating mental disorders based on the Kuhlthau information search process model. The population of this study is psychologists and psychiatrists with more than two years of treatment history. The sample selected from this group also includes 30 therapists who entered the competition through a public call as a top therapist using a simple sampling method. 
Results: The findings show that the sequence of therapists' movements is in accordance with Kuhlthau's opinion and they perform a repetitive movement in the diagnosis and treatment process, but the level of presence of therapists (time spent) differs at different stages from the model considered by Kuhlthau. The findings also showed that variables such as treatment history, field of study, and gender could influence the behavior of therapists. On the other hand, the relationship between the information of the therapists' information behavior and variables such as information literacy, state anxiety and trait, specialized knowledge and self-assessment of therapists was significantly evaluated.    
Conclusion: The information behavior that a treatment specialist performs in his or her treatment process can be analyzed according to the Kuhlthau model.
Dr. Ali Jalali Dizaji, Mr. Arafat Lotfi, Dr. Golnessa Galyani Moghaddam,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (4-2019)

Background and Aim: This article studies the information literacy skills of Kurdistan University graduate students and its relationship with their information grounds.  
Methods: The research used descriptive-correlation survey methodology. The statistical population consisted of 1977 Master degree students at University of Kurdistan and 321 members thereof selected by stratified random method for research sample. Data collected by a questionnaire including two sections for identification of the students’ information grounds and information literacy skills. Descriptive as well as inferential statistics were used for data analysis.
Results: Kurdistan University graduate students overall information literacy was above average and desirable in five literacy skills. Results on the relationship between research variables showed that there is a positive and strong correlation between academic information grounds and information literacy competencies. Correlation between scientific information grounds and information literacy competencies is positive and suitable where it is positive and moderate between public information grounds and information literacy competencies. There is a negative correlation between first and second information literacy competencies and information grounds; straight and positive correlation between third and fourth information literacy competencies with grounds and fifth information literacy competency and information grounds correlation is insignificant but negative. It is concluded that priorities among three dimensions is for academic and scientific information needs but public information needs is less concerned and deficiency should be improved.
Conclusion: Article is valuable for information literacy competencies recognition and its advantages for correlation indication between information literacy and information grounds and policy making on research population.
Mr. Ramin Gharibzadeh, Dr. Mahdi Moeinikia, Mr. Khalil Mokallaf Sarband,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2020)

Background and Aim: The purpose was to analyze the effect of administrators professional ethics on teachers' ethical decision making by examining the mediating role of information literacy among teachers in the second district of Urmia.
Method: Study is a descriptive, correlational survey.  Population comprised of  982 teachers in District 2, of which 262 were selected by simple random sampling method using Morgan table. Instruments were: Ghasemzadeh et al.'s Professional Ethics Questionnaire (2013), Katl Ethical Decision Making Questionnaire (2003), and Davarpanapah DAS Information Literacy Questionnaire (2008). Validity (content, convergent and divergent) and reliability (factor loading, composite reliability coefficient and Cronbach's alpha coefficient) of the questionnaires indicated that the measuring instruments have a good validity and reliability.
Results: Results of hypotheses testing by SMART-PLS software,  using t-test and path coefficients (β) showed that professional ethics has a strong, direct significant effect on information literacy of teachers in District Two of Urmia. Also, professional ethics and information literacy have a strong, direct significant effect on the moral decision-making of teachers in the second district of Urmia. Then again, information literacy can play a mediating role in the relation of professional ethics and teachers 'ethical decision-making. Professional ethics may be used as a moderating variable to enhance the positive effect, information literacy has on teachers' ethical decision-making.
Conclusion: Managers through in-service training increase teachers' information literacy, subsequently creating an honest relationship with teachers to transfer ethics to them and participate in decision-making to prove responsibility and honesty in matters to them and in the result of school affairs is going well.
Heidar Mokhtari, Hamid Ghazizade, Said Ghaffari,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2020)

Background and Aim: Information literacy is a foundation for all information-related professional skills for preparing them for better performing their careers. This applied survey aimed at determining the rate and level of DIL skills among Iranian students in the academic year 2017-2018.
Method: A 20 item  researcher-made valid and reliable questionnaire on DIL was prepared by conducting a comprehensive literature review. Questionnaires were completed by 1875 male/female students as a purposeful sample, majoring in different disciplines, academic levels at different Iranian Universities in the academic year of 2017-2018.  Data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics.
Findings: Findings showed that several students (39.6%) had a relatively low DIL level and the mean rate of their DIL skills was a moderate (8.34 %). Differences were significant in regard to discipline, academic levels and Universities. Further, there was no significant difference between male and female students in their DIL levels. However, there was a significant difference in DIL scores among students majoring basic sciences. Considering the educational levels, Doctorate candidates had significantly higher DIL scores than undergraduate and graduate students.  Students in private Universities had significantly lower DIL scores than students in State Universities.
Conclusion: Disciplinary-based information literacy has not been very efficacious in Iranian Universities. Designing an IL-synthesized curriculum and turning    toward the information literate University in training professionally information-literate students  is the drive for achieving a successful higher education  system in Iran.
Originality/Value: This study has equally theoretical and practical implications. Practically, depicts the general state of Iranian students' DIL levels, it can apprise Iran's higher educational system of the inevitability of drill skills as such in academic curriculum in all educational levels and scientific disciplines. As DIL is initially introduced in this study, it can be inspiring the theoretical approach of information literacy and its literature by adding a newly-emerged notion of "disciplinary-based information literacy."   
Fereshteh Kamran Toroghy, Azam Sanatjoo, Masoumeh Tajfari,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (5-2021)

Introduction: Information literacy experience emphases on the abilities of acquiring and applying information in order to respond to customers and exchange information with other colleagues and use in the workplace. As the task complexity increases, the experience of information literacy becomes important due to different information behaviors (diversity and complexity of information needs, difficulties in obtaining information, attention to oral information sources, interaction and exchange of information with colleagues).
Objective: Reviewing the role of information literacy experience of individuals in the workplace in terms of the complexity of the task.
Methodology: A qualitative research conducted by content analysis.
Findings: As the complexity tasks increases, information dependence and information literacy experience become more important, and more aspects of it is required in the workplace.  Likewise, it was   found that a small number of information literacy definitions are defined in terms of the work environment. Further, none of the definitions of information literacy examined had all aspects of information literacy.
Conclusion: Gaining experience and skill in information literacy is one factor that safeguards the success of employees. It is recommended for administrators and staff to use seven aspects of information literacy that cultivates the mind and warrants the advancement of the organization.
Dr Saleh Rahimi, , , ,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (11-2021)

Purpose: The purpose was to determine the attitude of Illam’s public librarians regarding online privacy.
Method: This is an applied survey research.  Out of the population of public Librerians in Illam,  136 public librarians were selected as a sample. Toman and McKinnon (2018) questionnaire was the intruemnt used to collect data. The questionnaire reliability of 0.91   was obtained through Cronbach's alpha. In order to analyze the data, frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used by SPSS.
Findings: Librarians are concerned that government and corporations collect a great deal of personal information about them, and believe that government agencies and institutions should not share individuals' personal information with third parties except with the individual's consent.
Conclusion: There is an increased concerns about privacy in the libraries, which has amplified over the last five years. Public libraries do not teach online privacy expertise to users and librarians. Also, some librarians believe that libraries have no policy on protecting users' privacy. Public libraries in Ilam province should take additional stern measures to protect the online privacy of librarians and users and formulate policies in this area, as well as explain the existing policies to the librarians.

Fereeidoon Yazdani,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (2-2022)

Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of information literacy and environmental knowledge, attitude and practice of primary school teachers.
Method: This was a correlational study. Population included all teachers (male and female) in the first to sixth grades of primary school in District 1 of Hamadan, numbering 875 students. A stratified random sampling method was used and 267 teachers (208 females and 59 males) were selected and participated in the study. Instruments were: 1. Information Literacy Questionnaire (Yazdani, 2012) and; 2. Environmental Awareness, Attitude and Practice Scale (Farokhi, 2014), with the required reliability and validity.
Results: Results showed the level of information literacy of teachers to be moderate. However, in the dimensions of "need definition, location , and  information evaluation,"  this was above the average. In the dimensions of “organizing information and information exchange,”  it was lower than the median of the society. Also, findings showed that the level of “environmental knowledge” and “environmental attitude” of teachers was appropriate; but the “environmental practice” of teachers was in poor condition. Lastly, the results showed a positive significant relationship between all dimensions of information literacy with teachers' knowledge, attitude and environmental practice (P <0.01).
Conclusion: Teachers with higher information literacy will have access to better environmental knowledge and as a result will have better environmental attitudes and practices. Therefore, we can increase their information literacy to improve their environmental knowledge, attitude and practice.
Dr Batul Keykha, Dr Amir Ghaebi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (5-2022)

Purpose: The study aims to weight, determine the priority, and investigate the direction of influencing and susceptibility of the components of "information literacy skills" by considering the importance of the information context of the community in training these skills in order to eliminate their gaps and promote the "information literacy skills" of the community.
Methodology: This is an applied quantitative study, using "multi-criteria decision-making" methods based on techniques of "Paired Comparisons" through Dalala Dematel - by applying MATLAB software.
Findings: The results of Dematel matrix investigated the influence and susceptibility of "information literacy skills" and measured their weights. Moreover, results showed the priority of training of components to improve and eradicate the gaps of the "information literacy skills" respectively as follows: "Information access skills," "information assessment skills," "information use skills," "information dissemination skills," "Skills of understanding and recognizing the information need," and "information combination skills."
Conclusion: Using "paired comparisons" techniques as a new approach in the field of "information literacy studies" could be beneficial in deciding to train "information literacy skills" in different information contexts. Weighting and studying the influence and susceptibility of components of "information literacy skills" on each other showed that the components that are ranked in the first priorities include more relative weights and in comparison, with next components are more important in terms of the need for education and promotion.  Informing decision-makers on the influence measure of components on each other has a significant and a prominent role in deciding and adopting appropriate trends in training "information literacy skills" based on the importance and priority of skills, and can provide guidance to policymakers, instructors, and researchers in this field.

Fereshteh Kamran Toroghy, Dr Azam Sanatjoo, Dr Masoumeh Tajfari,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (10-2022)

Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to create and validate the information literacy experience questionnaire in the workplace with an emphasis on activity theory.
Methodology: This study is a functional approach and a survey method was used. The current research is quantitative research that was conducted with the tool design approach. In this research, to investigate the psychometric characteristics of the questionnaire, the stratified random sample method of 86 employees of different educational groups of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad In 2020-2021 was used. Also, questionnaire construction methods such as content and face validity and confirmatory factor analysis were used to check to construct validity. To check internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha was used. In this research, smart pls and SPSS statistical software were used to analyze the data.
Findings: The content and face validity index of the scale obtained the desired value. Also, the value of statistics in all cases is greater than 1.96, and in the factor loading, all factors were confirmed with a suitable level of explanation in the factor analysis (greater than 0.4). Cronbach's alpha for all factors was an acceptable value of 0.7 to 0.9.  
Conclusion: The results indicate the influence of information literacy experience factors according to activity theory. The scale designed to study the experience of information literacy in the workplace according to the factors of activity theory is considered appropriate. It is recommended to measure the new concept of information literacy, that is, the experience of information literacy that deals with activity theory.

Mazhar Babaee, Hedyeh Azagh, Shima Yazdanpanah,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2023)

Introduction: Information literacy is the ability to identify and critically evaluate information to solve problems in a specific field. The use of this procedure in the environment of universities and for students depends on their awareness of the many angles of information measurement in this field.
Methods: this study was to investigate the information literacy status of students and teachers of the Farhangian University of Kurdistan Province From six perspectives: information review, information source recognition, information dissemination, information recognition, flexibility, and information search. This research is practical and of a survey type and was carried out between January and March 2022. The study population consisted of all students of Farhangian University of Kurdistan Province in the academic year 2021-2022, which numbered over 1500 people. Using random sampling, 350 student-teachers were selected as a statistical sample. The data collection tool was a researcher-made 66-item information literacy questionnaire based on a 3-point Likert scale. The reliability of the questionnaire was 86% using Cronbach's alpha method. And for its validity, the views of university professors were used. Multivariate analysis of variance, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson torque correlation coefficient test was used to analyze the data using SPSS software.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the components of information literacy of male and female student teachers (P = 0.0001). Therefore, in this study, gender has a small effect on the components of information literacy. Also, there is no significant difference between information literacy in its 6 components and the different educational disciplines of Farhangian University (P> 0.05). Finally, there is no significant relationship between information literacy in its 6 components and the age of Farhangian University students and teachers. Therefore, the information literacy situation of the students of the Farhangian University of Kurdistan is at an Intermediate level.
Conclusion: Information literacy is the set of skills and qualifications needed in the information society for teachers, therefore, by considering factors such as review, knowledge of sources, dissemination, recognition, flexibility, and search for information, it can be enriched. Building information literacy skills.
Mahmmoud Ahmadisharif,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (6-2023)

Purpose: This study was conducted to know the relationship between monitoring the relationship between information literacy components of marketing experts in manufacturing industries with their success rate in marketing and their success rate in marketing.
Methodology: The research method is a descriptive survey of correlation type. The statistical population of the study is all marketing experts of food production industries in Tehran, due to the size of the statistical population, 384 of them were selected as a sample. Katz and McLean's (2007) ICT questionnaire was used to collect information related to information literacy and a researcher-made questionnaire was used to measure the success of experts in marketing. Overall reliability of the Information Literacy Questionnaire based on Cronbach's alpha coefficient formula / 78. And the reliability of the researcher-made questionnaire was estimated to be 0.72.
Findings: Pearson's formula was used to analyze the data in the inferential statistics section on the correlation coefficient and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to determine the normality of the data.
Conclusion: The results of the study showed that there is a relationship between ICT literacy and each of its dimensions (describing, achieving, evaluating, managing, combining, creating, and communicating) with the success of experts in marketing. has it.

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