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Lashkari H, Esfandiari N. Identification and synoptic analysis of the highest precipitation linked to ARs in Iran. Journal of Spatial Analysis Environmental Hazards 2020; 7 (2) :187-206
URL: http://jsaeh.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3080-en.html
1- The University of Shahid Beheshti , h-lashkari@sbu.ac.ir
2- The University of Shahid Beheshti
Abstract:   (3589 Views)

Identification and synoptic analysis of the highest precipitation linked to ARs in Iran
 
              Abstract
        Atmospheric rivers (ARs) are long-narrow, concentrated structures of water vapour flux associated with extreme rainfall and floods. Accordingly, the arid and semi-arid regions are more vulnerable to this phenomenon. Therefore, this study identifies and introduces the highest precipitation occurred during the presence of ARs from November to April (2007-2018). The study also attempted to demonstrate the importance of ARs in extreme precipitation, influenced areas and identifies the effective synoptic factors. To this end, integrated water vapour transport data were used to identify ARs, and documented thresholds applied. AR event dates were investigated by their daily precipitation, and eventually, ten of the highest precipitation events (equivalent to the 95th percentile of maximum precipitation) associated with ARs were introduced and analyzed. The results showed that most ARs associated with extreme precipitation directly or indirectly originated from the southern warm seas. So the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Horn of Africa were the major source of ARs at the time of maximum IVT occurred. Synoptically, seven AR events formed from the low-pressure Sudanese system and three events from integration systems. The subtropical jet was the dominant dynamic of the upper troposphere, which helped to develop and constant of ARs. Moreover, the predominant structure of jets had a meridional tendency in Sudanese systems, while it was a zonal orientation in integration systems. The intense convective flows have caused extreme precipitation due to the dominance of strong upstream flow besides having the highest moisture flux. The station had the highest precipitation has been located in the eastern and northwestern region of the negative omega field or upstream flows.
 
        Keywords: Identification and synoptic analysis, highest precipitation, Ars, Iran.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/13 | Accepted: 2019/12/28 | Published: 2020/11/2

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