Volume 15, Issue 2 (2-2015)                   2015, 15(2): 1-4 | Back to browse issues page

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Karamian R. The study of saponin contents in the aerial parts and roots of three Silene L. species. Journal title 2015; 15 (2) :1-4
URL: http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2037-en.html
Bu-Ali Sina University
Abstract:   (8067 Views)
Saponins are secondary metabolites that are found in many plants and some animals. These compounds are high molecular weight glycosides, consisting of a sugar moiety linked to a triterpene or steroid aglycone. Many saponins have detergency properties and give stable foam in water. The genus Silene L. with more than 700 species is one of the largest genera of the family Caryophyllaceae mainly distributed in north hemisphere. Saponins are one of important secondary metabolites in members of the genus. Quantitative and qualitative study of the saponins in the aerial parts and roots of three Silene species, namely S. ginodioca, S. spergulifolia and S. swertiifolia were carried out by spectrophotometry and TLC methods. In this study, 5 fractions were obtained from each plant part and in both parts of three species, fraction 1 contain the highest amounts of saponins. On the other hands, root extracts have a high amount of saponins. In addition, thin layer chromatography (TLC) of the extracts evaluated some saponins spots with different Rf.
Type of Study: S |
Published: 2015/02/15

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