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Showing 17 results for Rajabi

Hamidreza Barzegarpoor, Hamid Rajabi, Saied Mohammadi, Rana Fayazmilani,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (11-2019)

Performing a mental exertion during an exercise increase fatigue indices and the amount of fatigue seems to depend on the type of mental exertion. So, the purpose of the present study is comparing the effects of performing types of mental exertion during cycling exercise on fatigue indicators. Methods: 10 cyclist men with average peak power output 236 ± 36 W invited for 5 different sessions. In the first session, anthropometric characteristics and of cycling peak power output (PPO) have determined. In the next four sessions, cycling for 45-min at 65% PPO on the cycle ergometer with (Stroop, AX-CPT and PVT) or without mental exertion. Rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and heart rate were recorded while cycling every 10 min and cortisol concentration was measured before and 30 min after exercise finished. Two-way repeated-measures ANOVAs were used to analyzing data. Results: Performing 45 minutes of Stroop mental exertion during cycling exercise increased RPE and cortisol concentration compared to cycling exercise alone (P˂0/05) but there is no differences between AX-CPT and PVT to cycling exercise alone. Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that performing Stroop mental exertion during the cycling exercise than cycling exercise alone increase more the fatigue indices.
P Seif, M.r Dehkhoda, H Rajabi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2011)

In this study, the effects of vibration training on physical fitness factors in elderly
females investigated. 40 subjects with age 61/09±6/24 yrs, weight 65/84±11/98
kg, height 156/99±5/06 cm and body mass index 26/64±4/23 kg/m2 voluntary
participated in this study and were divided in vibration (n=16), non-vibration
(n=14) and control (n=10) groups. The vibration group performed exercises on
the device (JET VIB) for 10 days with 35-40Hz frequency, 12 mm amplitude and
eight positions. The non-vibration group performed the same exercises (in
position, set and time) on the turned off device. The control group did not
exercise during the study. Leg and hand strength (dynamometer), flexibility (sit
and reach), balance (standing time on one leg) and body composition (skinfold
with caliper) were measured. Paired sample t test and one way ANOVA used
for data analysis. In within group analysis, vibration group showed significant
increase in right (p=0/02) and left hand strength (p=0/01), leg strength
(p=0/008), Flexibility (p=0/005) and left leg balance (p=0/006). In non vibration
group just significant increase in right hand strength (p=0/01). There was no
significant change in control group. Between group analysis showed, significant
increase in right (p=0/006) and left hand strength (p=0/003), leg strength
(p=0/004) and left leg balance (p=0/01) in vibration group comparison with to
other groups. There was no significant change in right leg balance (p=0/),
Flexibility (p=0/005) and body composition in any of groups. Due to the results
short term vibration training can improve flexibility, strength and balance in
elderly subjects.

Jalil Ataei, Dr Mohammad Reza Dehkhoda, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Dr Naeima Khajavi, Sara Zarea Karizak,
Volume 12, Issue 8 (10-2014)

The purpose of this study was to compare effect of 4 weeks of strength training in two ways of accommodation and constant resistant methods on maximum strength and power of trained athletes. Sixteen Wushu athletes and wrestlers chosen from Tehran’s clubs with a mean age of 20.50 ±2.00years, height 174.34 ± 6.53cm, weight 70.22 ± 10.50 Kg, and body fat percent, 12.87 ±. 4. 23 participated in this study. After the initial testing of the variables of maximum strength (1RM), upper body power (medicine ball to throw, cm) lower body power (vertical jump, watt) Body fat percent (Skin Fold three point), limb circumference (cm) and Weight (kg), divided in two equal groups. Each group has done resistance strength training program for 4 weeks, three sessions per week, with 85% of their 1RM, with three sets and 5 repetitions with Squat and bench press exercises. But in case of accommodation group, 20% of their 1RM was used by chain through the full range of motion. At the end of the training, re-test of dependent variables were performed under similar conditions. Covariance analysis was used to compare the progressof power and strength between the two groups. This study showed that weight (p=0.391), limb circumferences (P=143), fat (P=0.413), the upper body power (P=0.267), lower body power (P=0.252) and the maximum upper body strength (P=0. 803) there was no significant difference between groups, but in case of maximum strength of lower body (P=0.04) there was significant difference between the two groups. In analyzing the results, although most variables did not show significant difference, but the effects sizeanalyzing of groups showed that in upper body power (ES=0.62), lower body power (ES= 0.64),upper body strength (ES=0.13)and lower body strength (ES=1.84), the results were in favor of accommodation group. This difference in the maximal strength in accommodation group were (62.15% in the upper body, 68.38% lower body) and in constant strength group (86.14% in the upper body, 84.21% in the lower body) respectively. Also the effect size of power for accommodation group were (97.6% upper body, 61.6% lower body) and in constant group (16.4% upper body, 67.4% lower body), respectively. This study showed that in order to increase maximal strength and power, accommodation training method is more effective than traditional constant training.

Abbas Keyhanian, Dr Khosro Ebrahim, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Dr Seyed Mohammad Marandi,
Volume 13, Issue 9 (4-2015)

The aim of this study was to Compare the effect of resistance training with active and passive rest on aerobic
and anaerobic fitness in soccer players. For this purpose 16 players of Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan club,
accidentally were divided into rest and active group (Height 177.78±6.68 cm, Weight 64.88±7.97 kg, age
18.22±0.83 years ,and percent fat 20.47±1.8) and rest passive group(Height 178.57±6.99 cm, Weight 64±
6.6kg, age 18±0.81 years ,and percent fat 20.05±1.7). The tests were performed in this order: maximal oxygen
consumption, maximal strength, Tmax, muscular endurance, Hoff and RAST test in the pre and post test. The
exercises were done for 8 weeks and twice week with 10 exercises of 30 to 50 percent of maximal strength
with this difference that the active rest group performed 3 sets of 20 repetitions exercise in 30 seconds that rest
interval between 30 seconds was completed with 2 sets of 10 repetitions exercise in 30 second. The passive
group performed 4 sets of 20 repetitions exercise in 30 seconds that rest interval between 30 seconds was
completed with 3 sets passive rest. After determining the normality by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and
homogenous variance test, independent and dependent t-tests with a significant level of α ≥ 0.05 were used.
The results indicate that after the training period, a significant difference was found in all variables exceptfatigue index in active rest group. But in passive rest group there were a significant difference in variables AT,
vVo2max, Tmax, performance of Hoff test, bench press muscular endurance and leg press strength from pre
test to post test. The results between groups indicated that there was a significant difference between two
groups in Vo2max, Tmax, AT, vVo2max, leg press muscular endurance, and mean power in benefits of active
rest group. Finally, the results showed that the resistance training with active rest causes improvements in
aerobic and anaerobic fitness of soccer players in comparison to resistance training with passive.

Mr Aidin Zarifi, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Dr Sadegh Hasan Nia, Dr Mohamadreza Dehkhoda, Dr Babak Mirsoltani,
Volume 13, Issue 10 (10-2015)

High-intensity interval training (HIT) induces skeletal muscle metabolic and performance adaptations that
resemble traditional endurance training despite a low total exercise volume. On the other hand, fatty acid
oxidation is increases in skeletal muscle with endurance training. This process is regulated in several sites,
including the transport of fatty acids across the plasma membrane. The transportation across this membrane is
recognized to be primarily protein mediated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of
low-volume high intensity interval training on protein content of sarcolemmal fatty acids transporters (FAT/CD36
and FABPpm) in young men. Twenty recreationally active young men were assigned to a HIT (n=10, 19.3 yr old,
67.2 kg body wt, and 172.7 cm ht) or Control (n=10, 19.7 yr old, 65.9 kg body wt, and 174.4 cm ht) group. HIT
group performed three training sessions per week over 4 weeks. Each session consisted of 8-11×60 s intervals
at ∼100% of peak power output elicited during a ramp VO2peak test separated by 75 s of recovery. Skeletal
muscle (vastus lateralis) biopsy samples were obtained before and after training. HIT increased (17.5%)VO2peak (p<0.05). Also, after 4 weeks low-volume HIT, sarcolemmal content of CD36 and FABPpm increased
14 and 25 percent ,respectively (p<0.05). Therefore, the results showed that the practical model of low-volume
HIT could increase aerobic capacity and sarcolemmal content of CD36 and FABPpm. The increase indicates
that the facilitation of in muscle fatty acid transportation can be adapted which in turn increases the fat oxidation

Mr Hamid Reza Barzegar Pour, Dr Fariborz Hovanloo, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Mr Naser Asgarzadeh,
Volume 14, Issue 11 (4-2016)

The aim of the present research is comparing the effectof periodic trainingin hypoxic and normoxic conditions on anaerobic performance of athletes .Subjects of this research were 16 male volunteer students.Subjects were divided to two groups of eight by exercising in hypoxic condition(H 3300) normocytic.Anaerobic performance (peak power, average power) through the Wingate test and lactate concentration were measured before and after the Wingate test.After 24 hours in hypoxic condition,and after 48 hours in normoxic condition the measures of W max  were determined.The intensity of exercises in both groups (one minute with intensity of 80% -85% Wmax, and two minutes with 50% Wmax) and exercise duration (30 minutes)were equalized. The training program consisted of 12 sessions in a row. After that the pre-test variables were measured again .After testing the normal distribution given by Kolmogorov – Smirnov test, dependent and independent t-Test with a confidence level of 0.05 ≥ p showed that this training improved aerobic performance in both groups, also five minutes after the Wingate test lactate concentration was decreased in both groups, but there was no difference between the 12 sessions of the periodic training in hypoxic and normoxic conditions on anaerobic performance. So it can be stated that the training used in this study can improve the anaerobic performance, but the severity and duration of hypoxia used in this study was not so much to improve anaerobic performance in hypoxic group more than normocyticone

Mr Reza Amini, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Dr Mohamad Reza Amir Seifadini, Mr Koros Divsalar,
Volume 14, Issue 12 (10-2016)

The aim of the study, study of Changes in adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile of Inactive men the  result 24 session, playing futsal. In this study, 20 healthy men 20 to 30 years old, the experimental group (age: 23/5±2/58, weight: 69/36±14/48, body composition: 22/82±4/41) of controls (age: 24/6±2, weight: 68/22±12/71, body composition: 21/99±3/58) inactive randomly divided into control and experimental groups. Experimental groups in each session, indoor futsal training program for eight weeks and will run three sessions per week, while the control group had normal activity. Before the training program, and 48 h after the last session of play, 5 ml blood samples for measurement of adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile, blood was collected from the participants. After 48 hours of the last training session before the test was re-sampled in the same conditions. T-test results showed that exercise increased adiponectin and high-density lipoprotein and decreased leptin, low density lipoprotein, lipoprotein (a), triglycerides and cholesterol are, however, differences in adiponectin was not significant (P≤0.05). Overall, this study can be taken that these exercises in a short period of eight weeks futsal, adiponectin does not cause significant changes but the significant changes in leptin, high-density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, lipoprotein (a), triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood plasma.

Mrs Mahsa Hakimipour, Mrs Roshanak Irandoost, Dr Hooman Minoo Nezhad, Dr Reza Rajabi,
Volume 14, Issue 12 (10-2016)

Specificity of physical exercises is one of the main factors which could affect musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this research is to make a comparison about postural abnormalities of the spine and lower limbs between female taekwondo athletes and non-athletes. Samples of current research were 50 female black-belt taekwondo athletes and 50 non-athletes. To measure kyphosis and lordosis, flexible ruler was used; also to determine the angle of forward head posture and scoliosis, photogrammetry was used, and to determine knee and foot deformities caliper and navicular drop methods were used respectively. To compare two groups, independent t test was used. The results of independent t test showed that amount of lumbar lordosis (47.90°) in taekwondo athletes is significantly higher than that of non-athletes (44.04°). Also amount of scoliosis (3.52°) in taekwondo athletes was significantly higher than that of non-athletes. Also distance of internal condyle )3/26 CM) of taekwondo athletes was significantly higher than that of non-athletes)1/91 CM)(P0.05). But no significant difference was observed between two groups in terms of forward head posture, kyphosis, distance of internal malleolus, and navicular drop. Based on the results of this research it is possible to express that taekwondo due to type of its common exercises and could have impact on posture of its athletes.

S Mohammadi, H Minoonejad, R Rajabi,
Volume 15, Issue 13 (9-2017)

The purpose of present study is to investigate epidemiologic kabaddi injuries of premier league in Iran. This study is a descriptive, , and prospective survey. Participants are men players of kabaddi league in 2014 and sample athletics who have been injured at least once in competitions and have been received medical care. Information related to this study is completed through registration in the injury form by the researcher and tournament doctor during the competitions. So, x2 is applied with less than 0.05 significant and descriptive statistics is used in the form of numbers, charts, and curves to describe research results. Injury rate in 1000 hours match was 229.9 and the most potential parts for injury were head and face (26.2%) and knee (15.5%). 48.5% of injuries are contusion, bruise, and haematoma. Contact with opponent was the most important reason for injury. Injury rate for defense players is 50.5%.  According to the results which show the high prevalence in Kabaddi. To the medical teams, coaches, and athletics is recommended identify factors influencing potential dangers associated with injury and therefore to perform efficient solutions to prevent injuries.

Zahra Khadivi Burojeny, Hamid Rajabi, Mohammad Marandi, Shaghayegh Haghjoo, Alireza Khadivi Burojeny, Ebrahim Noorian,
Volume 16, Issue 15 (9-2018)

The purpose of present study was to determine the effect of 8 weeks of  resistance training on serumic myostatin, and Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF-2) level in male Wistar rats. 20 adult male wistar rats(150-250gr) were randomly divided into 2 groups [control group; n=10 (C), resistance training; n=10 (R)]. Resistance training was conducted for 8 weeks (5 session/week) on a special 1 meter height ladder (divided by 26 stairs) with loading of 30٪ of body weight (suspended from the tail) in the first week and increased to 200٪ of body weight in the last week. Training includes 3 sets of 4 reps with 3 minutes rest between sets. At the end of last week blood samples were taken from the rats and myostatin, TGF-β1 and FGF-2 was measured in three groups with the ELISA kit. At the end of the study ،the plasma levels of the myostatin decreased [71/82±19/62 mg/dl (R) ver. 105/86±17/49 mg/dl(C). (p0/001)], but the level of FGF-2 increased significantly in resistance training group [102/462±11/135mg/dl (R) ver. 86/96±12/606 mg/dl (C) (p=0/048)]. In contrast, the serum level of TGF-β was not statistically different between the two groups [153/48±54/09 mg/dl (R).160/62±32/85 mg/dl (C). (p=0/725)]. This study shows that 8 weeks of resistance training reduces serum levels myostatin and increased serum levels of FGF-2. These two factors cause activation or non-activation of satellite cells (Muscle stem cells that control muscle hypertrophy). However the nerve - muscle agents in the first 8 weeks of resistance training have the maximum participation on strength increases, but in this research we see affect the signals of satellite cells in the first 8 weeks of resistance training can change significantly. Also, although serum levels of TGF-β1 in the exercise group was significantly different from the control group, but the overall value of the exercise group had slightly reduced.
Mohammad Reza Mahmoudkhani, Hooman Minoonejad, Reza Rajabi, Amir Hossein Barati,
Volume 16, Issue 16 (12-2018)

Judo is one of the most popular martial arts in the world. Researchers reported a higher risk of injuries during training rather than the time of competition. So, the safe and effective training methods should be considered. As development and application of injury prevention approaches and athletic performance enhancement is necessary, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8-week Judo Specific Functional Training on the injury risk factors and athletic performance in non-elite male judokas. 46 non-elite judokas participated in this study. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups of experimental (23:N) and control (23:N). For a period of 8 weeks, the experimental group attended a special judo functional training program designed by the researchers. At the same time, the control group participated in the usual judo training program presented by the coaches. The exercises were performed 3 sessions per week and 90 minutes per session. The subjects participated in pre- and post-tests. After data collection, in order to approve data normality and compare the variables, Shapiro-wilk, ANCOVA analysis was implemented at the significant level (p≤0.05) using SPSS version 21. The results showed that scores of functional movement screening (p=0.001), upper extremity Y balance test (p=0.001), vertical jump (p=0.001) and special judo fitness test (p=0.001) significantly increased among the experimental group in comparison to the Control group. This Judo specific functional training program simultaneously modifies or decreases the injury risk factors and improves the athletic performance and has more efficiency and effectiveness rather than the usual judo training program.    

Mehdi Soltani Ichi, Pezhman Motamedi, Hamid Rajabi,
Volume 17, Issue 17 (4-2019)

The purpose of this research was to determine the acute effects of plyometric training with changing of height landing on the electromyographic activity during preparatory phase land-jump in male students. The population of this research were 10 physical education male students of Kharazmi University, which selected as sample. (21/10±1/286yrs, 173±6/467 height, 68/2±7/42 weight). In four different days subjects Performed as single leg one of four protocols plyometric training and land - jump from a height of 40 and 60 cm. EMG activity of the quadriceps and hamstring muscle group 150 milliseconds before foot contact with the ground was recorded. Analysis of variance with repeated measures and Bonferroni post hoc test was used. The results of this study showed that muscle activity after changing of height landing in preparatory phase (from 40 to 60 cm) has increased significantly (P=0/002, P=0/001, P=0/001) respectively. Activity of muscles (rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, biceps femoris) during landing after performing plyometric and changing of height landing in preparatory phase has increased significantly (P=0/039, P=0/001) (P=0/006, P=0/000) (P=0/001, P=0/014) respectively. Jump height has increased significantly (P=0/007, P=0/002) respectively. The results showed that acute perform plyometric training with changing of height landing result in significant changes in the electrical activity of muscles and also the height of the jump in the preparatory phase.

H Rajabi, P Motamedi, D Zabihi,
Volume 18, Issue 19 (7-2020)

The purpos of this study was to determine the effect of  twelve session of high intensity cycle training with blood flow restriction on aerobic and anaerobic performance of active student men. To this purpose, 24 valentear active students men from physical eduction faculty of kharazmi university aged 19-23 years old, students (mean ± SD weight: 67.89±6 kg, height: 173.92±5.41cm, and  BMI: 22.7±6.84kg/m2) divided into three groups of blood flow restriction (BFR) (n=8), none blood flow restriction(NBFR) (n=8) and control group (n=8). The exercise consisted of cycling at 80% Wmax for ten 1-min bouts, with a 2-min rest between bouts with 50% Wmax (total time, 30 min). Before and after implementation of the training protocol, Astrand Test to check the aerobic  performance and Wingate test to check anaerobic performance was conducted. To data analysis, the independent t-test, analysis of variance test and post hoc test (LSD) was used. Results indicated that two weeks of high intensity cycling with and without blood flow restriction does have a significant impact on VO2max(p=0.000) and Wmax(p=0.000) and time to exhaustion (p=0.001). The results indicate a further increase in aerobic performance components, in exercise with blood flow restriction training group compared to the unrestricted blood flow training group. The results olso indicated that tow weeks of cycle training with occlusion does not have a significant impact on peak anaerobic power(p=0.064), average anaerobic power(p=0.058) and minimum anaerobic power(p=0.826). In general, the results showed a partial restriction of blood during cycling interval training have affect on aerobic adaptations, but  does not affect on anaerobic adaptations.

Mr Hamid Mahmodi, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Mr Mohsen Bapiran, Dr Pezhman Motamedi,
Volume 19, Issue 21 (9-2021)

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of plyometric training pre and post maturation period with soccer training on electromyographical index and soccer players performance. 30 students of soccer player's pre maturation period (weight 32.38±6.59 kg, age 10.35±0.59 years, and height 141±0.06cm) and post maturation period (weight 43.79±10.96 kg, age 15.43±0.72 years, and height 156.84±0.09 cm) were selected. Subjects in the experimental group were 15 students before and after maturity period. To evaluate the age of the indices such as height, age, dental and bone age (radiographic method) was used. Then, for homogeneous groups of index of biological age radiography was used by radiologists. Before and after 4 weeks of training,, functional tests of two 20 meter speed, agility, vertical jump and also Amplitude  for vastus lateralis muscle Were taken. The result by using  Paired t-test showed that in pre maturation group in the vertical jump, agility and 20 meters there was a significant difference (P=0.002,P=0.006,P=0.001) and the other variables there was no significant difference. In variations between the groups, independent t-test showed that only significant differences was found in the test 20 meter speed (P = 0.007) and in the other variables not significantly different. The results showed that plyometric training in the Pre maturation group compared to post maturation group were more effect and these results can help in the design training for premature age groups

Homa Sheikhani Shahin , Davood Mehrabani , Seifollah Dehghani Nazhvani, Hamid Rajabi, Manijeh Norouzian ,
Volume 20, Issue 23 (9-2022)

The aim of this study was to the effect of aquatic activity and alogenic bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells fortified with Platelet-Rich Plasma in treatment of Achilles tendon in rat.  74 Sprague-Dawley rats were selected and tendon injury was formed in 69 of them. Subsequently, these rats were randomly divided into 8 groups and 5 rats which were without any injuries were chosen as the control group.  72 hours after the surgery, isolated cells from bone marrow and PRP were injected to the groups via catheters. The experimental groups had aquatic activity for 8 weeks. At the end of the eighth week, the Achilles tendon was separated and H&E and Mason Trichrome were used for special staining to assess the tendon healing. The results show there is a significant difference between the studied groups on the Achilles tendon healing. Also, results from histopathological examination indicated that there is a significant difference between the studied groups on the number of fibroblasts, collagen deposition, cellularity and tendon diameter. It could be generally concluded that, using these treatment methods could help with the tendon healing through bounding with target cells membrane receptors such as fibroblasts, mesenchymal stem cells and endothelial, which leads to activation of a series of intracellular proteins and as a result of their activities some reactions happen that lead into formation of matrix and collagen synthesis.
Mr Mojtaba Sadeghi, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Dr Farzad Nazem,
Volume 21, Issue 25 (9-2023)

The purpose of this study was determine the effect of upper body plyometric training on anaerobic power and record of 25 meters front crawl performance in 10 years old swimmer boys. 16 swimmer boys chosen voluntarily (The mean age was 9.9 ± 0.7 years ، weight 45.9 ±9 kg , Height 149.8 ± 5 cm، BMI  is 19.20 ± 3 Kg / m 2  ) And Subjects divided into two groups of training (n=8) and control(n=8).Before and after the implementation of the protocol investigate test 25 meters front crawl performance  at the distance 10, 20 and 25  metrs  and the number of hand strocke to check the performance of the swimming also anaerobic hand wingiting test function was evaluated. To analyze data, used the covariance test.The results showed six weeks upper body plyometric training Performance Indicators an hands Front crawl Including Peak power increased Significantly (18%) but the average power increase (7%) was not significant (p>0.05). Also, Swimming performance at of 10 meters) 8% (,10 to 20)6%( and 25 meters distance( 3/80%) growth in compare to control group that was significant(p <0.05) As well as in the number of hand strocke, Plyometric training group although had growth in swim 10 meters (11%), 10-20 meters (7.5%) and in 25 meters distance (5.33%) but the isnt significance (p>0.05). results indicate that six week upper body plyometric traning to an increase and improvement in the measured parameters, and can be used as a complementary training method in young swimmers.

Vahid Fazeli, Pezhman Motamedi, Hamid Rajabi, Neda Khaledi,
Volume 21, Issue 26 (12-2023)

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of combined exercise on aortic atherosclerosis and FGF23 in male rats with chronic renal failure. Methods: In this study, 20 male Wistar rats (mean weight 10 ± 250  g) were induced by NX5 / 6 method for chronic renal failure. After 2 weeks of recovery, they were randomly divided into two groups of control (n= 10) and combined training (n= 10) and performed a combined training protocol for 8 weeks. The combined training protocol consisted of two resistance training exercises on a ladder with 2 sets and 6 repetitions with percentages of body weight and aerobic exercise included 30 minutes of low-intensity treadmill activity. Results: The results showed that combined exercise reduced aortic atherosclerosis and decreased plaques, and FGF23 decreased significantly (p = 0.001). Parathoromon hormone also significantly decreased (p = 0.041) and calcium and phosphorus significantly decreased (p = 0.004 and p = 0.005, respectively). Conclusion: Overall, the results showed that combined training could decrease FGF23, parathoromon hormone, calcium and phosphor on aortic atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease indices in chronic renal failure patients.

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