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Showing 18 results for Sadeghi

Fatima Riyahi, Heydar Sadeghi, Elham Shirzad,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (11-2019)

The fencing lunge is one of the most common and fundamental attacking moves in fencing. The aim of this study was to provide kinematical compare of upper extremity among elite female and male senior fencers when performing a lunge.  Four female and four male members of Iran National Team were selected as research sample. The subjects were filmed when performing a complete lunge with a camera of 300 Hz sampling rate to record their reactions to a light stimulus. To analyze the collected data, mean, standard deviation and student's-t test at significance level of p≤0.05 were used. The results revealed that elite male fencers had significantly shorter reaction and movement time comparing with elite female fencers. No major differences in other kinematic parameters indicate that elite male and female fencers performed lunge in similar way. The final conclusion of this study is that the existing differences in time of lunge technique may suggest the need for alternative training strategies to prepare fencing athletes.

B Behaeen, H Sadeghi, H Same, S Mashhudi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2011)

MS is a lifelong disease that could involve the person in different forms. Knowing balance characteristics of different types of this chronic disease helps the specialists for controlling their complications. The purpose of this study was to recognize static and dynamic balance of different type of MS and to compare MS patients with healthy individual. 54 MS women in three groups (27- Relapsing-Remitting, 16 secondary progressive, 11 primary progressive), 20 randomly healthful women have been elected. Static and dynamic balance test (dynamics with 8 degree), overall, lateral and anterior/posterior have been done by Biodex machinery from four groups. Kolmogorov-Smirnov inferential statistic test used to assess the normality of the data distribution and the chi-square test was used to examine the relationship within and between types of MS disease with normal. The parametric statistics tests including independent t-test applied at threshold 0.05. According to results, there are meaningful difference between overall balance index in static balance in different types of diseased women affected by MS (p<0.05). The Primary Progressive groups have weak, and Relapsing-Remitting MS group have strong static balance in comparison with other groups. Furthermore, meaningful difference shown through overall balance index in static mood in different type of disease women affected by MS (p<0.05). Difference between static balance index and dynamic was meaningful between control group and MS disease. Considering the findings of the study, women affected by relapsing-remitting type have better dynamic & static balance rather than progressive types. Static & dynamic balance in affected women was weaker than healthy women.

Rasool Mohamadi, Dr Heidar Sadeghi, Dr Amir Hossein Barati,
Volume 13, Issue 9 (4-2015)

Introduction and Purpose: The swimming start is very important for achieving better results in
competitions. The Purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two plyometric training techniques
both in aquatic and on land in two start techniques (grab and track) of butterfly swimming in Elite male
adolescent Swimmers.Methodology: 20 elite male swimmers divided into two groups of plyometric
exercises in water and land-based. Swimming performance variables including; anaerobic power of hands
and legs, 25 meter swimming record, The time of contact of head with water and the time of keeping
movement in water, Flying distance from the starting point to the end point of contact with water and the
distance of continuing movement after entering the water using both start techniques, the number of
movements of hands and legs in 13 meters butterfly swimming without start and glide. Data analysis was
performed with MANOVA test. Results: Significant difference was seen in the mean time of contact of head
with water in both start techniques (grab and track) of Butterfly swimming; in addition, there is significant
difference in mean number of hand movement and leg movement in butterfly swimming and the number of
hand and leg movement in full 13 meter butterfly swimming after polymeric exercise in two
groups.Discussion and conclusion: According to the findings of this study, using plyometric training
program led to an increase and improvement in the measured parameters, and use these exercises to
improve start swimming recommended

Dr Heidar Sadeghi, Mrs Shiva Noori,
Volume 13, Issue 10 (10-2015)

Introduction and Purpose: Due to the importance of functional balance tests assessment with emphasis on
parameters influencing the balance including somatotype, this study undertaken to determine the reliability of
functional balance tests (static, semi-dynamic and dynamic) in endomorphe healthy women within 24-34 years
old. Methodology: 25 female endomorphe with the average and standard deviation age of 27.32±2.13 yrs,
height of 161.13±6.37 cm and weight of 58.28±8.46 kg, participated in this study. Functional balance tests
were assessed while Heath-Carter approach applied to determine the participant somatotype. All the functional
balance tests are used for each individual three times within 72 hours. Data distribution normalization are
evaluated by means of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, while ICC was used for assessing the reliability at a
significance level of P<0.05. Results:The reliability of all static, semi-dynamic and dynamic balance tests used
in this study was confirmed with an endomorphe type body. Assessing static balance, the Stork and Angel
tests; semi-dynamic balance, Star Excursion Balance Test test; and dynamic balance, the Timed to Get Up
and Go and Tandem Walking tests got very good reliability level (ICC>0.80

Mr Abbas Farjad Pezeshk, Dr Heydar Sadeghi,
Volume 14, Issue 11 (4-2016)

Introduction and Objectives. The trajectory of center of pressure (COP) during the stance phase of gait is considered as an important parameter in assessing of dynamic balance, foot and ankle function and effectiveness of shoe and orthotics. The aim of this study was to determine the COP trajectory during stance phase of gait in healthy males and females, by means of Pedar-X plantar pressure measurement apparatus.Methods: 15 healthy adult females who didn’t have any history of injury that altered their normal gait pattern and trajectory of COP, participated in this study. The coordinate of COP in transverse (X) and vertical (Y) axes were measured using Pedar-X system. The stance phase of gait divided into the four sections by key points of acceleration vector in Y direction and then position, velocity and acceleration of COP at these portions were computed. To statically analysis, Descriptive statistic (Mean and standard deviation), Pearson correlation coefficient and ICC coefficient were used  (P≤0.05). Results and Discussion: The results indicated that during stance phase of gait, COP moves forward and medial in Y and X axes, respectively. Significant, strong but negative correlation seen between COP coordinates in X and Y axes. High Inter Class Correlation also showed between trials reliability for Pedar-X system in estimation of COP coordinates. Conclusion:  The results of this study could be used as a standard norm of trajectory of COP in healthy adult subjects

Mr Mostafa Haj Lotfalian, Dr Mahdi Kargarfard, Dr Heydar Sadeghi, Mr Sajjad Mohammadi,
Volume 14, Issue 12 (10-2016)

Support foot position is one of the important factors which can affect instep kick quality and ankle joint injury. The aims of this study were to examine the support foot parameters in maximal instep kicking with the preferred and the non-preferred leg and research on risk factors for ankle joint injury in amateur futsal players. In this semi experimental study, twelve young and novice futsal players performed maximal speed place kicks with the preferred and the non-preferred leg. Average of the subjects individual characteristic have contained, age : 21/2±1/5 years, weight : 67/6±5/5 Kg and height :176±4/2 cm. Athletes were kicking the ball towards the goal from 10 meters. amount of support foot pressure were calculated at 300 Hz. To calculate injury of ankle joint, Forces, impulses, position of the fixed leg and maximum pressure of the lateral and medial portions of the foots were determined. Results indicated a significant difference in amount of subtalar joint range of motion. Higher range of motion in dominant leg were caused by a greater flexibility and coordination in this side of the body. In addition there were no significant different in impact of anterior, middle and posterior portion of fixed legs between two support foot. In contrast the maximum pressure in lateral side of non-preferred leg, was significantly more than other foot. In addition, the maximum force in non-preferred leg occurred prior then other foot. These problems can exacerbate ankle injury risk. Because the subjects were novice and they do not have appropriate neuromuscular coordination, can’t show a good movement pattern in non preferred leg. Hence, the absence of neuromuscular coordination can lead to energy loss and high pressure coming into the body, especially the feet and it can exacerbate injuries.  In a nutshell, amateur subjects indicated higher quality of­ biomechanical parameters in support foot of the preferred leg. Also likelihood of ankle sprain in dominant foot was less than other. Also generalization of these results to semi-professional and professional players, need further research.

V Saleh, H Sadeghi, P Shams Najafabadi, M.r Rezaeian, H Valizadeh,
Volume 15, Issue 13 (9-2017)

The aim of this study was to compare the profile of anthropometric, somatotype and body composition between novice and professional 6 to 8 years old gymnasts. A total of 40 gymnasts in tow group (20 novice gymnasts and 20 professional gymnasts) participated in this study. A total of 17 anthropometric, somatotype and body composition variables were recorded of each subject. The tools used in this study are: questionnaires (individual information and general health evaluation), chronometer, band meter, and movable weight scale, stadiometer, sliding calliper and somatotype software. In ferential and descriptive statistics and independent T test were used to analyze the obtained data. The level of significance was 0.05. There were significant differences in skinfold percentage (triceps, Supraspinatus and calf), total hand length, hip and calf, circumferences, BMI, endomorph and ectomorph between tow group) p<0.05). From an anthropometric stand point, 6 to 8 years old is a lowest and best age for select and talent identification. According to the results, between two groups, professional gymnasts exhibited lower BMI, circumferences (hip and calf), skinfolds, endomorphy and more total hand length, mesomorphy and ectomorphy than nivice gymnasts. On average, professional and novice gymnasts were in ectomorph-mesomorph and endomorph-mesomorph status respectively.

S Sadeghi, M.r Asad, M.h Ferdowsi,
Volume 15, Issue 13 (9-2017)

Overweight is one of the most important reasons for increasing the liver enzymes that causes liver and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this research is to investigation the effects of 12weeks training on liver enzymes. Subjects of this research is 26 woman with BMI≥29 and average age Between 42 to 52, they divided to two main groups: experimental and control group n=13. 24 hours before training and 48 hours after sampling, body composition and oxygen maximum, were done for all of the subjects. Experimental group have done 12 weeks endurance training that contains 3 session between 40 to 80 percent of heart beat and duration of 15 to 30 min. Data was analyzed by using of covariance and T test,(a≤0./05),results showed that in experimental group there is significant increase in oxygen maximum (p=0/006) and significant decrease observed in BMI (p=0/001). But not observed significant change in ALT enzymes (p=0/493) and AST (p=0/403). Results showed that the impacts of 12 weeks endurance training on liver enzymes of those women was not significant because of not preparing of subjects, also high level of BMI in both groups are possible. Therefore, non significant increase of ALT exercise group be investigated, the longer half life of this enzyme is (40+12) hours. So, it seems that we need more than 48hours to recovery the enzyme.

Razie Yaqoubi, Heydar Sadeghi, Ali Yaqoubi,
Volume 16, Issue 15 (9-2018)

Since the anthropometric and biomechanical parameters role is effective in improving the quality of sports skills, researchers and sports scientists are interesting to identify and communicate between these factors. The purpose of this study was making relationship between some of anthropometrical and biomechanical parameter of girl swimmers in swimming breast strokes. Twenty girl Swimmers (mean±SD: age 12±2 years; heights 147.50±11.23 cm; weights  39.53±9.58 kg) performed in this study. After compeletting the personal and satisfaction form anthropometric charactrastics, motion domain, power swimmer’s record along with information about the number of arm and leg kicks in distance of 25 meters was measured. Descriptive statics (mean, Standard deviation) and deductive statics (pearson corrolation, principle component analysis (PCA) to the determine the main parameters influencing and multiple regression to determine the role of main parameters selected) were used for data analysis. Results indicate the relationship between weight and length with swimmers stroke length in swimming breast stroke. Also there was a relationship between body type (endo morph, mezzo morph) with some of swimmers biomechanical parameters (speed, number of legs kicks, top power, hyper extension, motion domin of thigh). The given results indicate that there was a relationship between percentage of the anthropometric and biomechanical parameters in swimmers, and some of biomechanical parameters predictors of back and front crawl swimming in the same swimmer were different.
Mohammadhossein Noori, Heydar Sadeghi,
Volume 17, Issue 17 (4-2019)

Using appropriate devices and scientific methods can accelerate the process of sport talent identification and development to achieve championship level, and could also provide condition in which capable and talented athletes obtain highest level performance rapidly, so they will have long life championship. Former researches in scope of sport talent identification usually have been done in order to determine or normalize effective parameters. The purpose of this study was to design football talent identification algorithm based on fuzzy logic which classifies the football athletes. Due to expert opinion, essential parameters of football talent identification which also used in this software are; Cardio respiratory capacity (Physiology), Agility (Ability of motion), Dribble (technical skill) and Motivation (psychology). Norms of elite football player teenagers (14-16 yrs) are also used as index. Then with considering parameters and index, a fuzzy algorithm is designed which classifies football players in Unmatched, Semi-matched, Matched, Brilliant and Rare class. These results can help trainers and coaches in order to select talented and capable football players. In validation and reliability, records of elite junior Brazilian and Portuguese soccer have compared with norms of Iranian elite soccer.

M.h Noori, H Sadeghi,
Volume 18, Issue 19 (7-2020)

Using appropriate devices and scientific methods by coaches and trainers can accelerate the process of sport talent identification and development, and could also provide condition in which capable athletes to be directed in to suitable sport according to their abilities and skills. Former researches in scope of sport talent identification usually have been done in order to determine or normalize effective parameters. The purpose of this study was to design volleyball talent identification algorithm based on fuzzy logic which ranks the volleyball athletes. Due to expert opinion, essential parameters of volleyball talent identification which also used in this software are; Height (Anthropometry), Velocity (Ability of motion), Vertical jump with run-up (technical skill) and Pair jump (functional skill). Norms of young elite volleyball players are also used as index. Then with considering parameters and index, a fuzzy algorithm is designed which classifies volleyball players in Unmatched, Semi-matched, Matched, Brilliant and Rare class. These results can help trainers and coaches in order to select talented and capable volleyball players.
Karar Khajeh Nemat, Heydar Sadeghi, Ismaeil Ebrahimi Takamjani, Raghad Memar,
Volume 18, Issue 20 (11-2020)

Proprioception is essential for joint function and through which individual can detect body parts movement in space. Aim of present study is to investigate effect of balance training on unstable platform with tilting, translation and combined motion on knee joint position sense in active young males. 39 healthy active male divided in to three training and control (n=9) groups. Training on unstable platform with tilting motion group (n=10), Training on unstable platform with translating motion group (n=10) and combined training group (n=10) performed exercises program for 8 weeks, three times a week. Errors in repositioning of knee joint in 30, 45 and 60⁰ angles (active and passive) was measured by Biodex system 3, before and after training period. Data was analysed by using one-way ANOVA test (P≤0/05). Although after 8 weeks, active and passive errors in repositioning of knee joint in mentioned angles decreased in training groups but this difference was not significant (P≤0/05). Balance training on unstable platform alone cannot have a big effect on knee joint position sense in active young male.

Marjan Asadi, Heydar Sadeghi,
Volume 19, Issue 21 (9-2021)

Knowledge of the relationship between performance and range of motion, helping to design training programs, comply of individual with the needs of children is, therefore, The aim of research the relationship between some of the lower extremity range of motion and biomechanical parameters of the boys was performed. Hundred students in this study were randomly selected. After measuring the range of motion of lower extremity, test speed, power, balance and agility of the subjects were recorded. By descriptive statistics to determine the mean and standard deviation of the method of multiple correlations to assess the relationship between the selected range of motion and biomechanical parameters of subjects were used. Hip flexion by speed, hip abduction and knee flexion by balance and hip flexion, hyper adduction and ankle dorsi flexion significant positive correlation by the agility, the rate of hip and knee flexion by power a significant negative correlation and with other lower extremity range motion parameters showed a significant positive association. According to the research findings, seem to be characteristics of the children lower extremity range of motion and identify performance indicators for various athletic field, can be used.
Dr Heydar Sadeghi, Mohsen Ali Darchini, Hossein Nabavi Nik,
Volume 19, Issue 22 (12-2021)

Core stability (CS) is a popular term that has evolved into a fundamental concept the much rehabilitation, performance training and preventative programs. The purpose of this study is considering the relationship between CS power and endurance with performance of adolescence athletes. 12 male swimmers participated in the study. McGill Protocol, the core stability power, MBESTT and 30/60 sit-up test were used to measure the CS endurance and power, respectively. Participants' performance was measured as the specific (stroke-index, 100m crawl stroke) and general performance (standing-broad-jump (SBJ), vertical Jump, 9.1 m sprint, shuttle-run, flexibility and seated medicine-ball toss tests). The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between the CS power and endurance with general and specific athletes' performance. The results showed only significance relationship between trunk flexion with SBJ and seated medicine-ball toss, and flexibility and total CS power score with flexibility. Also, negative significance relationship found between left lateral flexion with shuttle-run test and trunk flexion with stroke-index. The findings of this study showed a weak correlation between CS with specific and general athletes' performance. Based on our findings, there is no necessity for focusing on swimming training programs.

Ali Abbasi, Heydar Sadeghi, Mehdi Zamanian , Anoshirvan Kazemnejad,
Volume 20, Issue 23 (9-2022)

The purpose of present study was to examine the effects of short time static and dynamic stretching of muscles on kinematics variability of lower extremity in healthy active males during cycling. 15 physical education and sport sciences male students from Kharazmi University voluntarily participated in this study. Subjects referred to the laboratory during two days, with 48 hours intervals between each sessions, and lower extremity kinematics data were collected from 30 pedaling cycle on the stationary cycle in 70 RPM in situation of without stretching, after 2, 5, and 10 minutes post stretching by means of motion analysis camera in 50 Hz frequency. Hip, knee and ankle joints angular displacement and velocity were extracted for constructing time series and variability calculation. Results of repeated measure ANOVA did not show any significant differences in angular displacement and velocity variability in hip, knee and ankle joints after 2, 5, and 10 minutes post stretching (P>0.05). Regarding results, probably it can be use static and dynamic stretching in warm up programs before cycling or rehabilitation on stationary cycle.
Negin Gilsamaei, Dr Seyd Sadredin Shojaedin, Dr Hassan Sadeghi,
Volume 20, Issue 24 (3-2023)

The prevalence of sports injuries in martial arts is high. Most Taekwondo injuries also occur in the lower extremities. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of a period of plyometric exercises, with and without stretching exercises, on knee valgus dynamics, flexibility and functional variables of elite female taekwondo athletes at risk of anterior cruciate ligament injuries.  45 elite female taekwondo athletes aged 15-25 years with anterior cruciate ligament injuries participated in this study. Knee valgus dynamics in squat movement were measured with KINOVEA software. Flexibility was measured with direct leg lift test and performance indicators were measured with Y-balance, three-step jump and error scoring system. The tests were conducted before and after eight weeks of plyometric exercises, along with the stretching exercises. Then, the data obtained were analyzed.There was a significant difference between the results of pre-test and post-test data measured in the two experimental groups (P ≥ 0.05). According to the stark differences based on the analyzed data, it is clearly evident that the group of athletes with plyometric exercises with stretching have obtained far superior results and outcome..Plyometric exercises with stretching had a significant effect on reducing the risk of injury, as well as increasing the flexibility and performance of elite female taekwondo athletes exposed to anterior cruciate ligament injury. Considering the vast improvements reported for the plyometric training group with stretching, it is recommended that these interventions be used to reduce the risk of injury and increase the performance of taekwondo practitioners.

Mr Mojtaba Sadeghi, Dr Hamid Rajabi, Dr Farzad Nazem,
Volume 21, Issue 25 (9-2023)

The purpose of this study was determine the effect of upper body plyometric training on anaerobic power and record of 25 meters front crawl performance in 10 years old swimmer boys. 16 swimmer boys chosen voluntarily (The mean age was 9.9 ± 0.7 years ، weight 45.9 ±9 kg , Height 149.8 ± 5 cm، BMI  is 19.20 ± 3 Kg / m 2  ) And Subjects divided into two groups of training (n=8) and control(n=8).Before and after the implementation of the protocol investigate test 25 meters front crawl performance  at the distance 10, 20 and 25  metrs  and the number of hand strocke to check the performance of the swimming also anaerobic hand wingiting test function was evaluated. To analyze data, used the covariance test.The results showed six weeks upper body plyometric training Performance Indicators an hands Front crawl Including Peak power increased Significantly (18%) but the average power increase (7%) was not significant (p>0.05). Also, Swimming performance at of 10 meters) 8% (,10 to 20)6%( and 25 meters distance( 3/80%) growth in compare to control group that was significant(p <0.05) As well as in the number of hand strocke, Plyometric training group although had growth in swim 10 meters (11%), 10-20 meters (7.5%) and in 25 meters distance (5.33%) but the isnt significance (p>0.05). results indicate that six week upper body plyometric traning to an increase and improvement in the measured parameters, and can be used as a complementary training method in young swimmers.

Dr Mostafa Haj Lotfalian, Dr Heydar Sadeghi, Mr Soroosh Bagheri,
Volume 21, Issue 25 (9-2023)

The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the difference between inside kick, outside kick, toe foot kick and cheap kick with maximum effort, in some parameters associated with the electromyographic activity of the quadriceps muscle. Eight skilled collegiate soccer players volunteered as subjects in the study. These variables were included the average and maximum activation, activation time (AT), the time which the muscles reached to zenith activity (ZAT) and work (W). In order to calculate electromyography of selected muscles contain, RectusFemuris, VastusMedialis and VastusLateralis, ME6000 apparatus with 1080 Hz sample rate was used. Paired sample t-test was used to analyze data. The results indicate similarity between outside and toe foot kicks in average and maximum activity, activation time and work. thus there was no significant difference in electromyographic activity of the quadriceps muscles between these two kicks. But in many parameters, these two kicks were different with inside and cheap kicks. In a nutshell, according to the results, it can be said, quadriceps muscles during various kicks, adapting different trend of contraction which are dependent on the position of the muscles and limbs interaction during soccer kick. And outside kick could be created maximum stimulation in quadriceps.

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