Volume 6, Issue 1 (5-2019)                   NBR 2019, 6(1): 20-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Saffarzadeh N, Moghimi H. The study of impranil (DLN) polymer biodegradation by fungus Sarocladium kiliense. NBR 2019; 6 (1) :20-29
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2904-en.html
University of Tehran , hmoghimi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5255 Views)

Impranil DLN is a class of plastics belonging to the polyurethane family with high application in textile industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of native strain to degrade impranil DLN. In this study, yeast strains were isolated from different areas and purified in minimal medium containing 1% impranil. Isolate NS-10 was selected as the superior strain capable of degrading impranil and identified through PCR and ITS gene. Esterase, urease and protease assays were carried out for the superior strain. Finally, the biodegradation of impranil was investigated. In total, 40 yeast strains were isolated and isolate NS-10 was selected as a superior strain based on impranil removal assay. NS-10 strain was identified as Sarocladium kiliense with 100% homology. Enzymatic assays showed that the S.kiliense could produce esterase, urease and protease. In addition, it could produce significant clear zones on impranil plates. Degradation rate for impranil was 100% for 10 g/l within 14 days. Finally, S.kiliense was taken to medium containing pure polyurethane film and the capacity of degradation was investigated by the scanning electron microscopy. Our results indicated that S.kiliense is capable of degrading impranil. These results could contribute to a better insight into the mechanism of plastic biodegradation.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2017/07/17 | Revised: 2019/05/5 | Accepted: 2018/09/3 | Published: 2019/04/30 | ePublished: 2019/04/30

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