Volume 9, Issue 4 (3-2023)                   NBR 2023, 9(4): 246-256 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezazadeh N, Baharara J, Nejad Shahrokhabadi K. Anticancer effect of Artemisia extract and cisplatin on induction of apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation in A2780 human ovarian cancer. NBR 2023; 9 (4) :246-256
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3509-en.html
Department of Biology and Applied Biology Research Center of Animal Development, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran , baharara@mshdiau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1001 Views)
Cisplatin, as a chemotherapy drug, causes serious side effects in the advanced stages of the cancer. Recently, Artemisia has been considered for its bioactive compounds, anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-cancer and anti-metastatic effects of the methanolic extract of aerial organs of Artemisia and cisplatin, either alone or in combination, in human ovarian cancer cell line A2780. The viability of A2780 cells after treatment with Artemisia extract, cisplatin and their combination was evaluated by MTT assay and the alterations in the morphology of the cell nuclei were examined by DAPI staining. The induction of apoptosis was assessed by Annexin V test, cell migration and changes in expression levels of apoptotic genes (Bax and P53) and metastasis (MMP2 and MMP9) using real-time PCR. MTT test data showed that Artemisia extract, cisplatin and their combination decreased the viability of ovarian cancer cells. DAPI and Annexin V indicated the DNA fragmentation and increased percentage of cellular apoptosis in comparison with the control group. The migration and real-time PCR data showed a decline in thr cell invasion and expression of genes involved in metastasis (MMP2 and MMP9) in cancer cells while the expression of apoptotic genes (Bax and P53) was increased in the treated groups. The results of this study showed that while both Artemisia extract and cisplatin posses anti-proliferative effect, apoptotic and suitable anti-metastatic effects on their own in A2780 cell line, their combination have synergic effects and posses those desired properties in lower concentration of cisplatin, which can reduce the side effects of cisplatin in cancer treatment.

 
Full-Text [PDF 690 kb]   (318 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Cell and Molecular Biology
Received: 2021/11/18 | Revised: 2023/03/15 | Accepted: 2022/08/9 | Published: 2023/03/19 | ePublished: 2023/03/19

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