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:: Volume 23, Issue 1 (3-2020) ::
2020, 23(1): 29-55 Back to browse issues page
Do official curricula reflect critical thinking? The educational objectives of the English literature curricula in Iran in light of Bloom's revised taxonomy
Hoda Divsar , Manoochehr Jafarigohar
Abstract:   (273 Views)
The present study investigated the educational objectives of the English literature curricula at the undergraduate and graduate levels at Iranian universities based on Bloom’s revised taxonomy. Using a detailed checklist based on Bloom’s revised taxonomy and the respective classifications, the educational objectives associated with knowledge (factual, conceptual, procedural, and metacognitive) and cognitive (remember, understand, apply, analyze, evaluate, and create) dimensions were analyzed. The results of the content analysis revealed the dominance of the lower-order thinking skills in the undergraduate curriculum and the prevalence of the higher-order thinking skills in the graduate curriculum. The results showed that the most frequent objective in terms of the knowledge domain was understand in both curricula. Regarding the knowledge dimension, conceptual and procedural knowledge occurred most often at both curricula, confirming that acquiring the knowledge of concepts and the processes safeguards the commended quality for the curriculum designers. Moreover, it was found that the metacognitive-related categories were almost missing from the categories. The results of the cross-tabulation revealed the superiority understand/conceptual in BA and the supremacy of understand/procedural in MA objectives. The findings entail the revisions of the educational objectives to accommodate critical thinking. The findings have pedagogical implications for EFL teachers, the curriculum developers, and policy makers. 
Keywords: Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, Critical Thinking, Curriculum, Educational Objective, English Literature, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 831 kb]   (93 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/01/1 | Accepted: 2020/02/27 | Published: 2020/03/30
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Divsar H, Jafarigohar M. Do official curricula reflect critical thinking? The educational objectives of the English literature curricula in Iran in light of Bloom's revised taxonomy. . 2020; 23 (1) :29-55
URL: http://ijal.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3076-en.html


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Volume 23, Issue 1 (3-2020) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Applied Linguistics
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