Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2018)                   JCP 2018, 6(1): 11-20 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shahabi R, Kavusian J, Akbari Zardkhaneh S, Rezae N. Developmental Change in Working Memory Capacity and its Components. JCP 2018; 6 (1) :11-20
URL: http://jcp.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2860-en.html
Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. , j_kavousian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4407 Views)
Working memory is the comprehensive cognitive system that embedded attentional and memorial mechanisms and therefore can be used in systematic research of cognitive problems. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the developmental changes of working memory capacity, and its components, including phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad, and central executive (inhibition and updating). A total of 356 children (8 and 12 years) recruited from primary school in Tehran were selected and tested. Digit Span, and the Kim Karad Visual Memory Test were used for measuring phonological loop and visuospatial sketchpad. Working memory capacity was measured by Backward Digit Span, and finally, the Stroop Task, and the Keep Track task measured central executive. Data analyzing showed as child growth, working memory and its components become more effective. More skills in arithmetic abilities, more flexibility in storage and processing, more experience in academic achievement and more use of metacognitive strategies can be possible reasons for the results of this study.
Full-Text [PDF 281 kb]   (4596 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/1 | Accepted: 2018/03/19 | Published: 2018/07/3

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | فصلنامه روانشناسی شناختی

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb