Volume 6, Issue 3 (12-2018)                   JCP 2018, 6(3): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

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Esnaashari N, HoseinChari M, Jowkar B, Fooladchang M, Khormaei F. Developing and validation of metamemory scale for adolescents. JCP 2018; 6 (3) :1-10
URL: http://jcp.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3010-en.html
Shiraz Uinversity , nedaesnaashari@shirazu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4106 Views)
The purpose of this study was developing and validating the metamemory scale for adolescents in the academic context. The study was a mixed method research and benefitted from sequential exploratory type which in qualitative stage using triangulation method (aligning multiple data approach) holding four dimensions of a) collecting literature reviews related to metamemoey based on the theoretical framework of Nelson & Narens, b) researches done in the field of metamemory and learning, c) presentation of memory-based assignments and metamemory based interviews on students (n=33) and analysis them (criteria and markers), & d) utilizing the views of experts in the field of primary theoretical framework and at last based on them, metamemory scale was developed and validated. Then in quantitative stage, using a sample of 289 students (170=girl & 116=boy in the range of 12-18 years old) validity and reliability of the scale were verified by using exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. The results of exploratory factor analysis showed 19 items in the form of 4 factors that create the metamemory scale: Judgments of Learning, Self-Confidence Judgments, Feeling of Knowing Judgments, and Ease of Learning Judgments. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was calculated for each factor and the reliability coefficient of the whole scale was 0/71. Research findings provide a tool for measuring matamemory in adolescent’s age group in academic context that is a useful instrument for measuring metamemory and applying in cognitive and learning researches.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/10/19 | Accepted: 2019/01/16 | Published: 2019/04/28

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