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Showing 24 results for Type of Study: Applicable

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Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2016)

The main purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on cognitive fusion and physical  Health Indicators in essential  hypertensive patients. This study was a semi-experimental study with a pretest, post-test and follow-up. Subjects were first screened using the inclusion and exclusion criteria. therefore, 26 hypertensive patients who referred to the Valiasr Hospital in Rasht city were selected and randomly divided into experimental and control groups (13 patients in each group). The ACT group were treated in  8 sessions, while the control group did not receive any treatment. Results showed that there were significant differences between two groups in cognitive fusion and physical Health Indicators. So, ACT is an effective intervention in essential hypertensive patients.

Dr , , ,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (1-2017)

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of theory of mind in deaf children is improved theory of mind and social skills. This study is a quasi-experimental. The study sample was selected by convenience sampling. Sample the deaf, hard of hearing parents who were selected and then randomly divided into two groups: a control group and the experimental group received. Five and Six primary target sample size of 16 deaf children. Tools used in this test, scale test of theory of mind and social skills. Data were analyzed using ANCOVA. The results showed that the control test, the experimental group and the control group, there were no significant differences in the level of theory of mind (P>0.000), the theory of mind in deaf children's theory of mind has been improved. Also, the control test, the experimental group and the control group showed no significant difference in terms of social skills (P> 0.537), thus improving social skills training, theory of mind in deaf children has not been effective.

Dr Hossein Zare, Dr Aliakbar Sharifi,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the CNS that due to cognitive impairment, can reduce the quality of life in these patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate effect of computerized cognitive rehabilitation on prospective & working memory function in Multiple Sclerosis patients. 46 MS patients aged 20–40 who have the inclusion criteria, were randomly assigned to experimental and waiting-list control groups. Experimental group trained for 12 session with a Memory rehabilitation software and waiting-list control group did not receive any intervention and training of this group was postponed after conducting research. Daneman and Carpenter's capacity working memory and Retrospective-Prospective Memory Scale was applied at pretest, posttest, and follow-up. The results of repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant difference between the means of working memory in experimental and waiting-list control groups. Also, the results of the present study indicate that a significant difference between the means of prospective memory in experimental and waiting-list control groups. Moreover, the post-test and follow-up scores in the experimental group was not statistically different. So Computerized cognitive rehabilitation have significant effect on prospective and working memory performance in patients with Multiple sclerosis and it can be used as an effective and helpful method to improve memory performance of these patients.

Mr Reza Kazemi, Dr Ezatollah Ghadampur, Dr Reza Rsotami, Mrs Sanaz Khomami, Mr Mehdi Rezaee,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2017)

The aim of the present study was to investigate of the efficacy of bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on cognitive function in patients with bipolar depression.  In a single-blind experimental trial, 20 patients with bipolar depression who had been referred to Atieh clinical neuroscience center were selected randomly from April to September 2015. The patients received bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (10Hz) and right dorsolateral prefrontal (1Hz) during 10 sessions.  The subjects were evaluated through verbal fluency test, Rey Auditory-Verbal learning Test, Stroop Test, Wisconsin Card sorting Test, Beck depression inventory before and after the treatment. The data were analyzed by paired t test. Bilateral rTMS was caused to significant changes in executive function and verbal memory and depressive symptoms. No significant changes were observed in selective attention and verbal fluency (p>0/05). Bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is caused to significant improvement in cognitive symptoms and reduces the symptoms of depression in patients with bipolar depression.

Dr Saeed Akbari Zardkhaneh, Farshad Ahmadi, Mojtaba Mahdavi,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (1-2018)

In regard to collecting data, method of the study was descriptive - instrument making one Item analysis, internal consistency cofferient and test-retest demonstrated that the items and factors were satisfactory. Confirmatory factor analysis, also, confirmed the model with five factors. Therefore CD had a proper validity and reliability to measure Cognitive Disability amony Iranian people. Thus, it can be employed as an instrument in related research and treatment.

Sepideh Hamedi, Behroz Abdoli, Aliraza Farsi,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2018)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of metacognitive strategies and observation of skilled model on learning of soccer chip task. The present study was carried out by means of semi-experimental research design. Forty two students, aged 11-13 years old, in region 2th of Tehran, participated in this study. They were divided in 3 groups (control group, observation of skilled model, and observation of skilled model with metacognitive activities). Metacognition group had to complete a semi-structured written interview that prompting them to activate their high-order thinking, before and then of acquisition blocks. An experimental intervention study in of soccer chip shot was conducted with pre-, post-, retention and transfer tests. Repeated measures analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences between groups. The result revealed that metacognitive strategies prompting had significant influence on students’ performance.

Phd Student Samaneh Nateghian, Zohreh Sepehri Shamloo, Javad Fadardi Salehi, Ali Mashhadi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (9-2018)

Depressed people, unlike non-depressed, show the higher the right frontal lobe activity than the left frontal lobe. Because the right hemisphere associated with negative emotional processing, pessimistic and maladaptive thinking styles, and the frontal alpha power is the inverse index of cortical activity, the frontal alpha power asymmetry reflects the balance between the left and right hemisphere in the frontal. The aim of this study was to improve the frontal alpha asymmetry for reducing depression and rumination levels and executive functions of people with reactive depression from love trauma syndrome through the neurofeedback interventional method and compare its efficacy with the sham group. In addition, in this study, was considered the neurological characteristics of the emotionally traumatic experience, through the Clinical Q as the evaluation method. This study's participants include 32 students of Tehran and Amir Kabir universities that they experienced love trauma in the recent 6 months and subsequently, they exposed depression and rumination symptoms and reduction of executive functions. For measuring of Pre-Test phase, after the primary interview and performance of Love Trauma, Beck's Depression and Anxiety Scales was evaluated executive functions (continuous attention, working memory and cognitive inhibition) by computer tasks; CPT, N-Back and Go/NoGo. Finally, was measured EEG 2-channel record through Clinical Q. The participants were placed in the trial group (age: M=24.73, SD=3.71) and sham group (age: M=23.46, SD=2.87), randomly. Then, in the neurofeedback intervention performance, was exerted 15 sessions on 45 min in the both of the trial and the sham groups. At the end of sessions were repeated pre-test phase measurements for post-test phase. Results of this study, emphasize on the effects of alpha asymmetry neurofeedback for reduction of depression symptoms similar to some research and against, deferent of other some studies, such as effective neurofeedback training for the decrease of Beck's depression scores. One of the important results of this research was the improvement of executive functions and rumination, the reason of substantial role of the both on depression duration. Effect of frontal alpha asymmetry neurofeedback on the reduction of love trauma and also, improvement of the neurological index of traumatic event experience was a new finding. Based on this results could be proposed neurofeedback training as a beneficial intervention for reduction of love trauma syndrome.
Mehri Rahmani, Isaac Rahimian Boogar, Siavash Talepasand, Mostafa Nokani,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (12-2018)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of combined cognitive rehabilitation interventions (computer and manual) on improving the speed of information processing and improving the mental status variables (MMSE) in women with MS. This research was conducted with pre-test and post-test design with two month follow-up. Twenty two women with MS were selected by available sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups of 12, and the experimental group received cognitive rehabilitation training and the intervention group did not receive any intervention. All participants of the first and last sessions were evaluated by MMSE and Auditory Sequence Test (PASAT). The research was conducted in 21 sessions in Arak and data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance analysis with repeated measurements using SPSS-24 software.The findings showed that the main effect of the time factor (pre-test, post-test, follow-up) on the selected score was significant. Conclusion: Manual cognitive rehabilitation is effective in improving the selective attention of female patients with multiple sclerosis. It is recommended that these interventions be used to improve the information processing speed and the psychological state of women with MS.
Alireza Moradi, Mahboobeh Bagheri, Peyman Hassani Abharian,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)

The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of tDCS and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory and the combination of these two methods on speed of processing and symptoms of dyslexia on bilingual children. Research method; semi experimental (pre-test, post-test and control group). Research population included all of the bilingual children at both sex at the age of 7-11 in Tehran and Kahrizak cities. Available samples were selected through Wexler intelligent questionnaire and Nama dyslexia test scores, so that 40 dyslexic students (based on school diagnostic system) and situated randomly in 4 groups: a) intervention by tDCS brain stimulation, b) computational cognitive rehabilitation via working memory module of RehaCom, c) simultaneous intervention of computational cognitive rehabilitation and brain stimulation tDCS and d) control group. Nama and speed of processing (SDMT) tests have been performed on all of the four groups in pre-test and post-test in order to data collecting. Data analysis results using analysis of multi-variable covariance in SPSS-22 showed that mentioned interventions could have meaningful changes in speed of processing and in decreasing dyslexia symptoms. Post hoc test results also showed that combination method first of all and then brain stimulation method have been the most effectiveness, but the mere computational cognitive rehabilitation method has not been influenced on these two variables alone.    

Hossein Zare, Azadeh Najafi, Ali Akbar Sharifi, Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation on the attention and problem solving of children with traumatic brain injury. The Method was A semi-experimental pre-test post-test study was performedwith a one month follow-up period. 30 children from 9 to 15 years old (12 girls and 18 boys) were selected by random sampling from all children with traumatic brain injury in the academic year of 2017-18 in Tehran, and divided into two groups of 15 subjects and control were distributed.To measure dependent variables, namely selective attention, sustained attention, and problem solving, Stroop software tests, continuous performance, and Tower of London have been used. The experimental group after the implementation of the cognitive empowerment (12 sessions 45 minutes) and dropping to 13 and the control group eventually decreased to 13 people. Data were analyzed by mixed analysis of variance (2×3) model with using SPSS-22 software.
The results of mixed analysis of variance (2×3) showed a significant difference between the means of namely selective attention, sustained attention, and problem solving in experimental and waiting- list control groups.
Moreover, the post-test and follow-up scores in the experimental group was not satistically different. So cognitive rehabilitation have significant effect on selective attention, sustained attention, and problem solving in children with traumatic brain injury and it can be used as an effective and helpful method to improve attention and problem solving of these patients.
Mahmoud Mohammadi, Afzal Sadat Hoseini, Ramazan Barkhordari,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)

The purpose of this study was to identify the role and application of the concept of metaphor of Lakoff in thinking teaching. This research has been conducted with conceptual analysis method of 30 selected sources in two parts of the technical language and the conventional language. The results of technical language analysis indicate that the role or outcomes of conceptual metaphor in the teaching of creative thinking can be generally divided into two cognitive and social domains. Cognitive outcomes include: developing the skills of reasoning, improving the ability to reason, and rational and formal ability, and the ability to conceptualize, and from the social consequences of learning logic and reasoning to speak, learning to speak properly, principled, attractive and thoughtful, and reinforcement of spiritual and everyday speech and the like. The results of conventional language analysis show that thinking education is mostly metaphorical and metaphorical, and the choice of different metaphors can have different educational outcomes. The use of conceptual metaphors in teaching thinking is effective in facilitating learning and learning, and teachers can, for better thinking, use students to direct their thoughts, ideas and phenomena, both metaphors, and that learners create metaphors to improve their learning and to creativity in their thinking. Teachers and educators should, in the process of teaching teaching, while working with children, follow the offending and gradual stages. At the end of the article, a typical model for the teaching of creative thinking based on conceptual metaphor was presented.

Azin Sarraj Khorrami, Vahid Nejati,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (10-2019)

Children with ADHD symptoms prefer smaller and immediate gain rather than bigger and long-term ones. This problem would result in impulsive  behaviors and decision making. The aim of this study was to show the effect of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on DLPFC and VMPFC on Improvement of delay discounting in children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Symptoms.In this study, 20 children with hyperactivity and attention deficit symptoms were selected by available sampling method and each of the subjects participated in three montages including anodal/cathodal tDCS on dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and ventral medial prefrontal cortex, the reversed montage, and sham stimulation condition and assessed by delay discounting task. The findings show that there is significant difference in the performance of the subjects in the delay discounting task which was performed on different stimulation positions p<0/05 and anodal stimulation of VMPFC significantly improved delay discounting.

Neda Nazarboland, Ameneh Tahmasi, Vahid Nejati,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (12-2019)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation, on improving the executive functions of selective attention, inhibitory control and working mwmory in elderly people with mild cognitive impairment. This experimental study was a Single Subject of type A-B, which 6 elderly (4 women and 2 men) with an average age of 62 years old were selected via  purposeful convenience sampling and randomly assigned into two groups of control (n=3) and experimental (n=3). The evaluation of selective attention and inhibitory control was done using Stroop, Go/NO Go and N-back tests, and the "ARAM" rehabilitation program was presented in 10 one-hour personal sessions for each experimental group subjective. All subjective in both groups was evaluated 6 times (before, during, just after and 2 months following the intervention) and also control group were evaluated simultaneously without receiving any interventions. Using visual analysis, collected data revealed that the scores of both tests of executive functions in experimental group, were steadily increased all through intervention, while the control group scores’ did not make significant changes. Also, two-month follow-up evaluations showed a stable improvement in executive functions of the experimental group. Therefore, it can be concluded that cognitive rehabilitation based on ARAM program has improved the functions of selective attention, inhibitory control and working memory in elderly with mild cognitive impairment. As there are many documentaries suggesting possibility of leading mild cognitive impairment to more serious cognitive disabilities such as Alzheimer’s disease, such findings can confirm possibility of improving cognitive functions of elderly people with mild cognitive impairment with, with lower therapeutic costs applying the help of technology
Maryam Aboureihani Mohammadi, Mahshad Fadaei Moghadam Heydarabadi, Solmaz Zardary, Soomaayeh Heysieattalab,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (2-2020)

 Recently, research has been conducted on the use of social networks as a new platform for identifying people with mental disorders. In addition, because of the complexity of diagnosing psychological diseases using conventional methods, the use of machine learning for identifying theses psychological diseases is increasing. The goal of this article was to systematically review the research conducted using social media data for predicting and diagnosing psychological disorders with the help of machine learning. Based on systematic review on the Prisma method, the aim of this article was achieved through searching the main keywords of diagnosis and the prediction of mental disorders combined with machine learning and social media data without considering the dates of their publications. Depression had the highest frequency among the final 20 selected articles with a predictive power of 42% and 87%, the lowest and the highest respectively. On the other hand, only 30% of studies used questionnaires for gathering data on social media and the most common approach for data collection was public posts on social media by the use of regular expressions. Twitter has also been used as the largest source of data collection in these sorts of studies. It seems that computational psychology based on machine learning methods could help to identify disorders at an appropriate time and select more effective treatments for mental disorders among the users of social media.

Aliakbar Sharifi, Naeimeh Moheb, Reza Abdi, Sholeh Livarjani,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (10-2020)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy on the reduction of brain-behavioral systems Sensitveness and experimental avoidance of veterans with PTSD. The current study is a semi-experimental one with pretest-posttest design with control group, The statistical population of this study included all Veterans in Marand in the year of 2019, among which 30 were selected as veterans with PTSD who referred to pouyameher Counseling and Psychological Services Center. Were selected through purposive sampling method and randomaly assigned to two groups of experimental and control. The data were collected using a posttrumatic stress disorder checklist (military version), Behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation system scales (BIS/BAS) and acceptance and action questionnaire-II (AAQ). Then, trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy were performed for 12 sessions (90 minutes in per session) each week for the experimental group. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 using multiple covariance analysis. After controlling the effects of pretest, the mean scores of behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation system and experiential avoidance were significantly higher in the experimental group than the control group (p<0.001). Training trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy education can be effective reduces brain-behavioral systems and experiential avoidance of veterans with PTSD. Therefore, the design and implementation of intervention based on this treatments can be useful in educating and promoting mental health in veterans with PTSD.

Soroush Lohrasbi, Alireza Moradi, Meysam Sadeghi,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (2-2021)

Emotion Recognition is the main component of social cognition. The failure in emotion recognition can jeopardize the survival of the human in the environment. Emotion recognition has various pattern in different cultures and nationalities. Some of the emotions would recognize as strong or weak. Also, there is diversity in emotion recognition pattern in some psychological disorders and neurological damages. Finding the Iranian emotion recognition pattern with a valid neuro-psychological test is the main purpose of this study. This is a descriptive-analytical study. Participants with the age of 24 to 40 years were initially tested in computer intelligence and progressive matrices of Raven-2 Then, for 88 subjects who had obtained a normal score in the RAVEN-2 test, the excitement recognition subtest was taken from the Cambridge Neuro-Psychological test automated battery (CANTAB). The correct response of participants to each of the six emotions used for analysis. The average percentage of correct responses to each of the six emotions has been analysis by SPSS statistical software. The normal distribution and spherical condition exist among the accumulated data. The maximum rate of correct responses was 75.83% related to happy emotion, sad 70.00%, Surprise 68.48%, disgust 47.84%, angry 42.54%, and fear 38.26%. Iranians recognized happy emotions better than the other emotions and fear was the lees recognized emotion. The finding of this study can affect the evaluation of cognitive elements in the particular society like Iran and can identify the most cognitive abilities and inabilities in people. The result of this research deduces striking findings that can lead the evaluation of cognitive, social people of Iran.

Mohsen Amiri, Jahangir Karami, Khodamorad Momeni,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (10-2021)

Due to the importance of rehabilitation among children with special learning disabilities, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of brain Gym on suppression of theta/alpha ratio and working memory of students aged 8 to 12 years with dyslexia or dysgraphia. This research was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test and post-test design with a control group. The population of this study included all girls and boys with reading or writing disorders referring to special centers for learning disabilities in Kermanshah. The convenience sampling methods were used. For this purpose, according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 20 students aged 8 to 12 years were selected and randomly allocated into two groups of 10 people. The experimental group were received brain Gym intervention for 20 sessions of 20 minutes over 10 weeks. In order to record the brain waves of the participants, a dual-channel neurofeedback device was used. Moreover, the Wechsler memory software was used to measure their active memory. To analyze the data, univariate one-way covariance analysis and multivariate one-way covariance analysis were used using SPSS software version 26. The results showed that the ratio of theta waves to alpha in the experimental group was significantly reduced and active memory span in the experimental group was significantly increased compared to the control group (P < .05). The findings of this study indicated that brain exercise can significantly suppress the ratio of theta waves to alpha and also improve working memory among children with special learning disabilities. The findings confirm the neurological evidence for the positive effect of the brain Gym intervention on the modulation of brain waves and working memory in children with dyslexia or dysgraphia.

Vahid Mirzaie, Seyed Mosa Tabatabaee, Shahrokh Makvand Hosseini,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2022)

The aim of this study was to investigate The Effectiveness of Computer-based Cognitive Rehabilitation on Working Memory and Problem Solving of High School Students. Method: For this purpose, 30 high school students in Tehran were selected. These people were randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups of 15 people in each group. The number and duration of each session in the experimental group were 16 sessions and each session was 45 minutes, respectively. The control group did not receive any intervention. Research instruments included the Wisconsin Card Classification Test. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and SPSS 26 software. Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in both components of class and survival and the effect of computer rehabilitation intervention on the class component was 0.375, which is lower than average. And the volume of the effect of computer-based cognitive rehabilitation intervention on the survival component is equal to 0.546, which is higher than average. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, it can be said that computer-based cognitive rehabilitation intervention is effective on the Working Memory and Problem Solving of high school students.

Mr Amir Mohammad Behrouz Abedini, Dr Mehdi Shahbazi, Dr Elaheh Arabameri, Dr Mehran Shahintab,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2022)

The effectiveness of different educational methods in learning different types of motor skills has been considered. However, comparisons of these methods in regulated team sports games have been less studied. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare the three educational methods of imagery, observation, and execution of in-field pattern on the performance of regulated games in skilled basketball players.15 players working in the country's Super League and Premier League competitions participated in this study with available access. The players were divided into 3 teams of 5 players according to the position of the game and were subjected to one of three training conditions in each stage based on random classification; So that each team performed all three methods randomly in each stage. Each condition included 1 practice session and a written and practical test session (after 24 hours). The players observed each tactic 3 times in the observation conditions; In terms of imagery, 3 trials were made for each tactic, and the execution conditions included 3 slow execution of tactics inside the field. The results of mixed analysis of variance 3 (training method) in 2 (written and practical test) showed that the execution method compared to observation and imagery causes better performance in regulated games (P <0.05); Also in the written test, the observation method scored higher than the imagery (P <0.05). Therefore, it seems that the field execution method for teaching team tactics in skilled players, has a greater advantage than the observation and imagery method, but the mental imagery is also more effective in acquiring knowledge of team tactics than observation.

Ava Behrouzi, Abbas Bakhshipour, Majid Mahmoud Aliloo,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2022)

Making risky decisions in adolescents has become a major public health concern and understanding the correlations affecting this process makes it possible to implement prevention plans. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of positive and negative mood induction on risky decision-making by moderating high behavioral brain systems. In order to meet this aim, 327 adolescents aged 18-13 years in Isfahan were randomly selected and screened through the Behavioral Brain Systems Questionnaire (BAS / BIS). Based on the standard score, two groups of 24 participants including high BAS and BIS were selected. The members of each group were randomly divided into two equal subgroups, we induced positive mood in the first subgroup and negative mood in the second subgroup using Pieces of emotional movies. Participants completed the Balloon Risk Test (BART) and the Positive and Negative Emotion Scale (PANAS) before and after mood induction. Results of data analysis by univariate factor covariance analysis showed that there is a significant difference between inducing positive and negative mood on risky decision making (p 0/05) and positive mood leads to increased risky decisions, The findings also showed that behavioral brain systems as biological personality traits significantly moderate the effect of mood induction on risky decision making (p 0/05). This means that adolescents with a high behavioral activation system have more hyperactivity when faced with positive moods and they are more at risk than people with behavioral inhibition systems while adolescents with behavioral inhibition systems, on the other hand, are more sensitive to negative moods and signs of punishment and they are more cautious.

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