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Farhad Balash, Abdul H. Omar, Neda Sanjari,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (volume10, Issue 1 2022)

Significant psychological changes in extremely cold regions are considered as natural human reactions. Antarctica has very cold conditions and is considered a natural laboratory for many studies in various fields. Survival, in this harsh environment, is unmanageable without human preconditions; Antarctica with a focus on resilience and psychological adjustment, an opportunity for the individual to approach the study of psychological adjustment, examining the impact of weather conditions, limitations, isolation and lack of daylight, etc. on mood changes, stress and dynamism. is showing. In this article, the psychological changes of six researchers, who are twenty-three days of scientific travel in the cold region in the south of the region, are conceptualized with a systematic concept. In terms of methodology, thematic analysis and collected categories, interviews, observations and documentary analyzes have been used. Researchers' experiences were analyzed in the field and the emerging factors were categorized as attitudes, strategies and. These three factors were divided into thirty-six positive and negative factors at the individual and group levels. Theoretically, positive and negative factors are supported by force field theory, which contribute to the very cold region through conceptualization. Positive attitudes based on the data collected in this exploration include: self-awareness, self-direction, self-control, self-efficacy, self-confidence, self-motivation and self-optimism. On the other hand, negative attitudes are self-awareness, lack of self-direction, conflict with self, inefficiency, self-doubt, self-destruction, self-contradiction and pessimism. There are positive and negative strategies for strategies such as attitude at the individual and team level. In a person, positive strategies include: positive self-talk, positive thinking, meditation, muscle relaxation, spiritual recitation, self-control, and negative strategies include negative self-talk, negative, confusion, justification, religious belief, and loss of self-control. . On the other hand, different strategies with teammates in the direction of positive expressions such as humor, team coordination, control control, team performance, control of negative effects, accessibility and in part including nagging, disagreement, deviation from self-success and immoral reaction. Is. Peacefully, positive and negative factors, such as attitudes, strategies, and positive and negative effects on the environment, in fact, and the conflict of all the factors that lead to specific action in the face of various difficult situations.

Zahra Zare, Farhad Balash, Batul Shiralizadeh,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (volume10, Issue 2 2022)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the "Brain-Based Learning" teaching method on the level of learning biology in students' cognitive, skill and emotional domains. The method of this research is quasi-experimental with two groups of control and experimental. The statistical population includes 11th-grade female students in Tehran's 13th district in the 2019-2020 academic year. A total of 52 individuals from the statistical population were selected by the purposive sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups. The instruments for measuring the variables were the researcher-made cognitive-skill test and the researcher-made attitude questionnaire. The validity of the researcher-made instrument was determined using the opinions of expert teachers and their reliability was determined by retesting. Statistical tests (t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Chi-square index) were used by SPSS26 to evaluate and analyze the hypotheses. The results showed that teaching in a "brain - based learning" method compared to the usual method increased students' scores in cognitive and skill areas and improved their attitudes in emotional domain in Biology lesson at a statistical level of 5% (P>0.05). These results demonstrate the role and importance of brain-compatible teaching methods in learning.

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