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Soghra Akbari Chermahini, Marzieh Sadat 2- Sajadinezhad, Mehdi Mehdi Yasavoli,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (volume7, Issue 1 2019)

Creativity is recognized as a function or ability that emerges as genuine, valued and usefull. Each person's level of creativity can be measured by assessing their performance in the tests of creativity. One of the most commonly used tests of creativity is Remote Associates Task. The Remote Associates Task, developed by Mednick (1967), is recognized as a valid convergent thinking tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties and the Farsi version of the Remote Associates Task. For this purpose, 482 students of Arak University were selected through cluster sampling method. Thus, at first 200 students were selected and answered the Remote Associates Task. After the initial refinement, some modifications were made to the initial version, and then 282 different subjects responded to the Remote Associates Task, insight problem solving, and Guilford's Alternate Uses test. Two classical approaches and item response theory were used to investigate the coefficient of difficulty of the items, construct validity, and reliability. Significant positive correlations of distance associations test with insight problem-solving test and lack of significant relationship with Guilford's Alternate Uses test indicate convergent and differential validity, respectively, and appropriate construct validity of the test. The results show the appropriate psychometric properties of the 30-item version of the Remote Associates Task presented in this study and it can be said that this test is effective and suitable for measuring convergent thinking in Persian.
- Shayesteh Sajadi, - Mahboubeh Fooladchang, - Farideh Yousefi, Raziyeh Sheykh Alislami,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (volume10, Issue 4 2023)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based education on two structures related to cognition, namely self-blame and working memory in adolescents. The research design was quasi-experimental with a control group. Participants included 30 people (two groups of 15 people) from adolescents aged 14 to 18 years who volunteered to participate in the study. They responded to the Thompson and Containers' Self-Blame Levels (2004), and the Wechsler Active Memory Scale (1945) as pretest and posttest. The experimental group participated in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program for 8 sessions, each session lasting 2 hours and the control group was without intervention. Data were analyzed using analysis of ANCOVA. The results showed that mindfulness intervention had a significant effect on self-blame (P = 0.001) and working memory (P = 0.001) in the experimental group (P <0.05).
In a general conclusion, it can be stated that mindfulness-based education can be used in therapeutic and psychological programs to increase working memory and reduce self-blame in adolescents.

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