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Showing 5 results for Yazdanbakhsh

Shahrzad Moradkhani, Kamran Yazdanbakhsh,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2021)
Abstract

Given the increase in criminal behaviors and the damage they cause in society; it is important to study the psychological factors that make people prone to crime or prevent it from committing. Accordingly, the present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of cognitive executive functions in the relationship between behavioral brain systems with cognitive emotion regulation in prisoner men. The research was descriptive-correlational. The study population included all men who were serving their sentences in Kermanshah Central Prison in 1398, from which 300 people were selected by convenience sampling method. The participants completed the Gray-Wilson Personality Questionnaire (GWPQ-28), Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and Cognitive Ability Questionnaire (Nejati, 2013). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and structural equations using SPSS22 and AMOS24. Findings showed that path analysis models of the relationship between behavioral brain systems and cognitive emotion regulation with executive functions' mediating role have a good fit. The results emphasize the importance of behavioral brain systems and executive functions in cognitive emotion regulation. As a result, paying attention to executive functions in controlling and cognitively regulating emotions and promoting them can be effective in reducing criminal behaviors.

Barzan Soleimani, Kamran Yazdanbakhsh, Khodamorad Momeni,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (volume9, Issue 3 2021)
Abstract

People with borderline personality disorder experience problems in a variety of cognitive areas, including information processing, decision making, planning, memory, and problem solving. The aim of the study was to modeling the intermediate role of metacognitive awareness on the relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory and problem solving. The research was fundamental and in terms of implementation method was correlational. The statistical population included all individuals with borderline personality disorder who referred to psychological and psychiatric clinics in Kurdistan province in 1397-98. 300 patients with diagnosis of borderline personality disorder based on clinical interview and willing to participate in the study were selected. They answered the Autobiographical memory test, metacognition awareness questionnaire and social problem solving inventory. Data were analyzed using Amos software. Findings showed that overgeneral autobiographical memory has a direct effect on problem solving skills and metacognitive awareness with coefficients of 0.17 and 0.20, respectively. Also, the direct effect of metacognitive awareness on problem solving was 0.35. Overgeneral Autobiographical memory predicted 4% of the variance of metacognitive awareness, and Overgeneral autobiographical memory with metacognitive awareness predicted 17% of problem-solving changes. On the other hand, the indirect effect of Overgeneral autobiographical memory on problem-solving skills was 0.07, which shows that the indirect effect of Overgeneral autobiographical memory on problem-solving skills is significant. Therefore, it can be concluded that metacognitive awareness acts as a mediator as an observer, which increases the scores of problem-solving skills.

Sima Eivazi, Jahangir Karami, Kamran Yazdanbakhsh,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (volume10, Issue 4 2023)
Abstract

Dysgraphia is one of the common symptoms of specific learning disorders. children with dysgraphia have several cognitive problems. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the effectiveness of HAMRAH cognitive rehabilitation package on improving executive functions (working memory and response inhibition) in children with dysgraphia. The present research was semi-experimental in the form of pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the research was students with dysgraphia who referred to education counseling centers in Kermanshah city in 1401. Among them, 40 people (initially 20 people in the experimental group and 20 people in the control group, but one of the control group was removed by the end of the experiment) who were willing to cooperate and were also available were selected and then randomly divided into experimental and control group. Then, in both groups, the pre-test was implemented, and after that, the experimental group received 12 intervention sessions of the HAMRAH cognitive rehabilitation package, but there was no intervention for the control group. Then, a post-test was performed for both groups. The data were analyzed using covariance. The results showed that the Hamrah cognitive rehabilitation package has an effect on improving working memory and response inhibition in children with dysgraphia (P<0.01). It is suggested that the HAMRAH cognitive rehabilitation package be used in medical centers by mental health specialists, along with other treatment methods, in order to improve working memory and response inhibition for children with dysgraphia
 
Mrs Fereshte Bakhshian, Dr Kamran Yazdanbakhsh, Dr Jahangir Karami, Dr Seyed Hamze Hoseini,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (Volume11, Issue 1 2023)
Abstract

Borderline personality disorder is a disorder with a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions with impulsivity. This disorder is characterized by defects in the frontal activity circuits that play an important role in inhibiting and aggression regulation. The aim of this study is to design a neurofeedback protocol and investigate its effect on impulsivity, emotional instability and self-mutilation behavior in patients with borderline personality disorder. This study is a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test, post-test, follow up and control group design. The research sample consisted of 30 patients with borderline personality disorder that received a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder according to the diagnosis of a psychiatrist and a structured clinical interview based on DSM5. They were selected by available sampling and divided into experimental (neurofeedback training) and control groups randomly. The experimental group underwent 30 sessions of neurofeedback training and the control group was placed on a waiting list. 

After the last treatment session, both groups were re-evaluated. To collect the data, The Borderline Personality Disorder Scale (STB), Barat Impulsivity Questionnaire (1957 Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (Gratz and Roemer ,2004), and the Self-injury Scale (Swanson et al., 1998) were used. Three months after the study, the subjects were followed up again . The results showed that after controlling the effect of pretest, neurofeedback training had a significant effect on reducing the impulsivity, emotional instability and its components, as well as self-mutilation behavior in the experimental group compared to the control group(p<0/001(. With regard these results, we can say that the neurofeedback training method is an effective way to reduce the impulsivity, emotion dysregulation, and self-mutilation behavior in the treatment centers.

Sima Eivazi, Jahangir Karami, Kamran Yazdanbakhsh,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (1-2024)
Abstract

children with dysgraphia have several visual perception. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the effectiveness of HAMRAH cognitive rehabilitation package on improving visual perception in children with dysgraphia. A semi-experimental in the form of pretest-posttest control group design was used. 40 primary school students with dysgraphia who referred to counseling centers in Kermanshah city in the academic year 2022/2023 were selected. Among them, 40 who were willing to cooperate and were also available according to the entry criteria (having at least three components among the diagnostic criteria of dysgraphia, student and parent satisfaction) and withdrawal (being under other interventions) and after obtaining informed consent, they were randomly selected and and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. After performing the pre-test on both groups, a 12-session HAMRAH cognitive rehabilitation package was performed on the experimental group. Then both groups received the post-test. The data were analyzed using covariance. The results showed that the Hamrah cognitive rehabilitation package has an effect on improving visual perception and its components (spatial communication, spatial perception and shape stability) in children with dysgraphia (P<0.01). However, there was no significant effect on the components of shape-background recognition and motor-visual coordination. It can be concluded that the Hamrah cognitive rehabilitation package can be used as a single treatment or along in combination psychological therapies for students with dysgraphia.
 

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