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Showing 9 results for Cognitive Flexibility

M. E. Taghizadeh, A. Farmani,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2014)
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of cognitive flexibility in predicting the hopelessness and resilience among university students. 277students of Shiraz University participated in the present study via cluster sampling method during the fall semester of the 2010- 2011 academic year. The participants completed the items of Cognitive Flexibility Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, and Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale. To analyze the data, the statistical methods of Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results showed that Control subscale could negatively predict the total score of hopelessness and all of its subscales. Moreover, alternatives control subscale negatively predicted the total score of hopelessness and the hopelessness subscales of disappointment in achieving the desired and negative expectations about future. Alternatives for human Behaviors subscale predicted the hopelessness subscale of future uncertainty. Simultaneous multiple Regression analyses in predicting resilience indicated that Control and Alternatives subscales predicted the resilience. It is concluded that cognitive flexibility has the ability to predict the hopelessness and resilience. Thus, educating cognitive flexibility via cognitive- behavior therapy (CBT) can decrease hopelessness and increase the resilience among clients.  


Ms Parisa Sharifi, Dr Seyyed Alimohammad Mousavi, Dr Jafar Hasani,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (9-2018)
Abstract

The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the discrimination role of reinforcement sensitivity theory, emotion regulation processes strategies and cognitive flexibility in discrimination of people with internet addiction. The research design was a two-group diagnostic function. The study population included Internet user students at Imam Khomeini International University in Qazvin (18 to 35 years). Sample selection was done using convenience sampling method. The research sample consisted of 92 participants (46 = Internet addiction, 46 = normal). Data were collected using the Internet addiction inventory, cognitive flexibility inventory, emotion regulation process strategies inventory and Jackson's five-factor scale; and were analyzed using discriminant analysis. The findings showed that reappraisal and cognitive flexibility negatively, and then BAS, BIS and suppression positivey, in order, had the strongest relationship with the present function and discriminated the groups from each other. But the system of FFFS did not have a significant role in the discrimination of the two groups. In general, cognitive flexibility, emotion regulation processes strategies, and BAS and BIS sensitivity are important factors in discrimination people with Internet addiction from normal people.


Soheila Teymoorpur, Mahdi Akbari, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of the effect of behavioral activation therapy (BA) through cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility on the symptoms of women with major depressive disorder. This study was based on the single-subject design. The research sample consisted of five women with major depressive disorder (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety (BAI), Cognitive Flexibility (CFI) and Emotional Flexibility (EFI) at baseline and during the stage of depression. Treatment was evaluated. To analyze the data, trend, slope, and charts were used to determine the clinical significance of the percentage of recovery, percent reduction, effect size and Cohen index. The findings indicated that behavioral activation therapy significantly contributed to enhancing the cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility of patients with major depressive disorder. In general, the results of the research indicated that the benefits of behavioral activation treatment as an effective intervention were used to increase the cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility of women with major depressive disorder.

Zahra Rafiee, Farzaneh Mikaili,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (10-2019)
Abstract

The present study tried to investigate the effect of cognitive exhaustion on student’s cognitive flexibility with the mediating role of need for cognition among BA student of Farhangian University of arak in academic year 2015/16. In order to collect data, Cacioppo & Petty (1984) need for cognition questionnaire, diagnostic tasks which are similar to diagnostic tasks of Sedek & Kofta (1990), shahgholian, et al Wisconsin Card Sorting Task software (version), were applied. According to need for cognition questionnaire, 60 female students were selected out of a group of 150 and randomly assigned to four groups of 15. The experiment consisted of second phases. In the first phase, the participants were exposed to diagnostic problems and then in the second phase, they took the cognitive flexibility test, in order to drawing a comparison between the groups. The research data were analyzed by one-way ANCOVA. The results showed that cognitive exhaustion has a significant negative effect on cognitive flexibility and the interactive role of need for cognition was confirmed regarding to research variables. The finding of the present study give serious consideration to the central role of cognitive exhaustion and need for cognition in people’s amount of flexibility.
Mrs Asma Farsi, Mrs Mahnaz Joukar Kamalabadi, Mr Soran Rajabi,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (3-2023)
Abstract

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the cognitive functions of people with passionate love and normal people. Method: In this research, 500 students from persian golf University Bushehr , who studied in 2017-2018, were selected through purposeful sampling with a mean age of 21 years and filled the passionate  love scale (PLS). Individuals who scored between 135 and 106 in the passionate love group and Those who scored 105-15 were in the normal group. Of these people, 204 were selected for Stroop, Wisconsin and Continuous Performance tests and analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance. Results: the study showed that there is a significant difference between respondents with passionate love and normal people in terms of inhibition. No significant difference was observed between the two groups in the cognitive flexibility and attention (P> 0.05). Discussion: According to the findings, people with passionate love of inhibition have a weaker response than normal people, and the lack of difference between the two groups in the component of cognitive flexibility and attention point to the similar performance of these two groups in cognitive functions. Findings show the attention component in the two groups is different based on gender.

 
Mr Mohammad Reza Zoghi Paydar, Miss Nasrin Yousefi,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2023)
Abstract

In different parts of the world, people speak different languages ​​to each other. Some parts of the world are more linguistically rich and more than one language is spoken in those regions. The aim of this study was to evaluate and evaluate the executive functions of the brain including cognitive flexibility, selective attention and response inhibition in monolingual and bilingual male and female students of Bu Ali Sina University of Hamadan. This research has been done by descriptive and causal-comparative method using complex Stroop computer test. The statistical population selected for this study were bilingual and monolingual students of Bu Ali Sina University. The test was performed on 214 male and female students. Data obtained from 165 students were analyzed by independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance. The obtained results showed that there is a significant difference between gender and executive functions studied in this study. But there was no significant difference between bilingual and monolingual individuals with these functions. In this study, we concluded that gender affects the executive functions of the brain, but bilingualism and monolingualism do not affect the executive functions of the brain.

M.a Student Elaheh Shirovi, Dr Shekoofeh Mottaghi, Dr Afsaneh Moradi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (5-2023)
Abstract

Executive functions are important structures that play an important role in controlling and directing behavior. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the mediating role of emotional intelligence in the relationship between theory of mind and executive functions (cognitive flexibility and response inhibition). The current research method was correlation and structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the research included all female students aged 13 to 18 in Khomeini Shahr city in 2021, of which 300 were selected for the research sample using the available method. To collect data from the emotional intelligence questionnaire (Schutte et al., 1998), software tests of Wisconsian card sorting (Grant and Berg, 1984), go /no go (Hoffman, 1984) and mind reading through eye images (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) were used. For data analysis, Pearson's correlation coefficient and structural equation model were used in AMOS-24 software. The findings showed that theory of mind had a positive and significant direct effect on emotional intelligence with a coefficient of 0.233 and on cognitive flexibility and response inhibition with a coefficient of 0.133 and 0.218 respectively (P<0.01), intelligence Emotion with cognitive flexibility and response inhibition had a positive and significant direct effect with coefficients of 0.144 and 0.337 respectively (P<0.01). The indirect effect of theory of mind on flexibility and response inhibition with the mediating role of emotional intelligence was 0.033 and 0.078, respectively. Therefore, the results indicated the decisive role of theory of mind and emotional intelligence in predicting cold executive functions (cognitive flexibility and response inhibition). Finally, considering the relationship between theory of mind, emotional intelligence, cognitive flexibility and response inhibition, by increasing theory of mind and emotional intelligence, it is possible to help improve the components of executive functions.
Fatemeh Nemati, Kimiya Ghaedi,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (9-2023)
Abstract

The current research aims to examine the structural relationships between sleep problems and emotional intelligence in adolescents, considering the mediating role of defect in executive functions. The present research had a descriptive-correlational design. The study sample included 381 first-grade high school students in Tabriz during the academic year 1401-02, selected through cluster random sampling. Data were collected using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire, the Siberia and Shiring Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, the Gross and John Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test software, and the Continuous Performance Test software task. Statistical methods used for data analysis included Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis. The results showed that sleep problems have a direct and indirect influence on emotional intelligence through emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility play a mediating role in the relationship between sleep problems and emotional intelligence.
Dr Ahmad Rastegar, Dr Mohammadhasan Seyf, Dr Somayeh Negahdari, Mis Zahra Dehghan Khalili,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (12-2023)
Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between the presentation of the causal model of perception of the electronic (virtual) learning environment and reflective thinking with regard to the mediating role of cognitive flexibility among the students of Payam Noor University in Shiraz. This research is descriptive and correlational. For this purpose, using simple random sampling, 400 students were selected as a statistical sample from all the students of Payam Noor University, Shiraz center, and questionnaires of perceptions from the educational environment of Sweeney et al. (1994), reflective thinking by Kamber et al. Cognitive flexibility questionnaire (CFI) was completed by Dennis and Vanderwaal (2010). All questionnaires are standard and have validity and reliability (alpha higher than 0.70). The collected data were analyzed with the help of Lisrel software. The results of the research showed that the direct and positive effect of engagement in academic assignments, learning authenticity and feeling of membership on the components of cognitive flexibility (perception of controllability, perception of behavior justification and perception of different options) is significant. Also, the direct and positive effect of the feeling of support on the components of the perception of controllability and the perception of different options is significant. In addition, the direct and positive effect of the sense of ownership on the component of the perception of the justification of behavior is significant. The direct and positive effect of flexibility components on reflective thinking is also significant. Also, the results showed that, in general, the mediating role of cognitive flexibility components is significant in the relationship between the perception of the educational environment and students' reflective thinking.
 

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