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Showing 3 results for Resilience

M. E. Taghizadeh, A. Farmani,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2014)
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of cognitive flexibility in predicting the hopelessness and resilience among university students. 277students of Shiraz University participated in the present study via cluster sampling method during the fall semester of the 2010- 2011 academic year. The participants completed the items of Cognitive Flexibility Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, and Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale. To analyze the data, the statistical methods of Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results showed that Control subscale could negatively predict the total score of hopelessness and all of its subscales. Moreover, alternatives control subscale negatively predicted the total score of hopelessness and the hopelessness subscales of disappointment in achieving the desired and negative expectations about future. Alternatives for human Behaviors subscale predicted the hopelessness subscale of future uncertainty. Simultaneous multiple Regression analyses in predicting resilience indicated that Control and Alternatives subscales predicted the resilience. It is concluded that cognitive flexibility has the ability to predict the hopelessness and resilience. Thus, educating cognitive flexibility via cognitive- behavior therapy (CBT) can decrease hopelessness and increase the resilience among clients.  


Saeed Toulabi, Hamidreza Hassanabadi, Balal Izanloo,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2017)
Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine the effective of the Pennsylvania resilience program training on cognitive appraisal and achievement behaviors among university students.

Method: In this pretest-posttest nonequivalent-group design, 51 undergraduate students at Kharazmi University in experimental and control groups responded to the Cognitive appraisal scale (CAS, Lazarus, and Folkman, 1984) and the motivation strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ, Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, & McKeachie, 1991). The experimental group received 6 resilience training sessions (2 hours a session). Results: The results of multivariate covariance analysis indicated that the resilience program training was effective in increasing cognitive appraisal and achievement behaviors in short term. Conclusion: These findings suggest that resilience program training improve the achievement behaviors of university by letting them: 1) find their personal power (personal feeling, attitudes and beliefs), 2) find and make full use of their external resources (development of security and feeling of protection), 3) master their interpersonal skills and problem solving ability (such as persistence, humor and communication).   


Mrs Fatemeh Ehsan Poor, Dr Fatemeh Ghaemi, Dr Javid Peymani,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (9-2023)
Abstract

The use of methamphetamine in the general population and university and high school students is more than 1%. Also, the proportion of people addicted to methamphetamine has increased among those who refer to drug addiction treatment centers in Iran, which causes many harms to its users; One of these damages is creating a disruption in resilience. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of Transcranial Direct Electrical Stimulation (tDCS) therapy with acceptance and commitment based therapy on the resilience of men addicted to methamphetamine. The research method is practical in terms of purpose and semi-experimental in terms of data collection method. The statistical population of this research included the statistical population of the present study including all methamphetamine addicts in one area of Tehran city in 1401 who had referred to one of the addiction treatment centers. According to the research design, a sample size of 45 people was selected by purposive sampling. (2001) and electrical stimulation of the brain from the skull of this instrument was performed as a pre-test-post-test. Based on the findings of the current research, it was determined that transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) electrical therapy was more effective on the resilience of men addicted to methamphetamine, the therapy based on acceptance and commitment was effective on the resilience of men addicted to methamphetamine, and the therapy based on Acceptance and commitment compared to direct transcranial stimulation electrical therapy has been more effective on the resilience of men addicted to methamphetamine.
 

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