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Showing 14 results for Emotion Regulation

Jafar Hasani,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (6-2014)

The goal of the current study was to assess the role of the cognitive emotion regulation strategie in student’s test anxiety. Using randomized multistage cluster sampling method 330 (165 girls, 135 boys) were selected and assessed by Persian version of cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire (Garnefski, Kraaij & Spinhoven, 2001) and Spielberger's test Anxiety Scale (1980). The results of stepwise multivariate regression analysis indicated that among adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies, positive reappraisal and putting into perspective pridected both wory and emotionality components of test anxiety, wheras total score of test anxiety was pridected by positive reappraisal and refocus on planning strategies. Among maladaptive strategies, self-blame and catastrophizing strategies pridected wory component and total score of test anxiety. Also, the emotionality component was pridected via self-blame, catastrophizing and rumination strategies. The results of this study indicate that dysfunctional cognitive coping is one of causes of test anxiety incidence and training effective cognitive emotion regulation strategies can be major steps in test anxiety based interventions.

Fatemeh Ramezanzadeh, Alireza Moradi, Shahram Mohammadkhani,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2014)

Introduction: Emotion regulation problems can cause important disorders in children and adolescents. Since emotion dysregulation has major role in internalizing and externalizing problems of children and adolescents, adolescence is  an important opportunity for changes in emotional experiences, emotional regulation and also increasing mental disorders and generalized changes in social relationships. The aim of this research is to study the effectiveness of training emotion regulation skills in improvement of executive function and emotion regulation strategies of at risk adolescents. Method: The method of this research is experimental that we used pre- test and post -test with control group.24 teenage girls have been selected from hazardous areas of Tehran with accessible manner and randomly they have been appointed in experimental and control group.The members of experimental group got education program of emotion regulation skills in the base  of dialectical behavioral therapy that was derived from Linehan model  in 8 group sessions,while the control group don’t take any intervention.Results: Training emotion regulation skills increased the scores of adaptive strategies and decreased the scores of maladaptive strategies. Also there was an increase in total number correct of executive function variable and number of categories completed rather than control group.Conclusion: Training of emotion regulation skills can affect in modifying and moderating of emotional reactions in adolescents and also it can affects on involved cognitive processes.

Asgar Alizadeh, Leyla Hasanzadeh, Majid Mahmood Aliloo, Hamid Poursharifi,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (10-2014)

The aim of the present study is the predict of worry based on behavioral activation and inhibition systems, cognitive emotion regulation strategies and intolerance of uncertainty in students. In terms of objective, this study is off is study is the fundamental type, and in terms of data collection, it is of the correlation type. For this purpose, 200 students were selected using convenience sampling (available sampling) from Masters students at the Islamic Azad University of Tabriz in 2014-2015 school year. The participants were asked to answer the measures of behavioral activation and inhibition systems (BAS/BIS), Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (SERQ), intolerance of uncertainty Scale (IUS) and the Penn state worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). Data were analyzed by the analysis of variance and stepwise regression. Results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the variables of behavioral inhibition system, negative cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and intolerance of uncertainty in one hand, and worry in another hand (p<0.01), and there was a negative significant relationship between the positive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation and worry (p<0.01). These variables were able to predict 1/54 of the total variance of concern (p<0.001). In addition, the relationship between the behavioral activator system variable and worry was not significant. Worry is related to a variety of negative consequences, including a high degree of emotional reactivity and inefficient regulation styles. Thus, the findings of this study have practical implications in the clinical arena.

D.r Kazem Barzegar Bafrooei, ,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (3-2016)

Mathematics is one of the courses in which students are weak and it causes their academic failure. The aim of present study is to estimate the math anxiety based on cognitive emotion regulation and problem-solving ability in second year students of science. The research method was correlation. The participants of this study were female second year students of science in Yazd. So, 130 girls were selected based on cluster random sampling method and completed math anxiety MARS-R, cognitive emotion regulation CERQ and problem-solving ability PSI questionnaires.  Descriptive statistical indices, Pearson correlation coefficient, and step by step multivariate regression were used by the software SPSS V. 20 to analyze the data. The results indicated that although there is an inverse relation between math anxiety scores of students and two dimensions of problem-solving ability such as control characters (r = - 0/249) and confidence in problem-solving (r = - 0/348), the relation between math anxiety scores and negative cognitive emotion regulation is direct and significant (r = 0/327). The findings from regression showed that problem-solving ability and negative dimension of cognitive emotion regulation explained totally 18 percent of variance in math anxiety in level p<0/01, serialization negative direction and positive direction could predict the math anxiety. According to these findings, it's suggested to authorities and math teachers to attempt for increasing math performance of students through decreasing their negative cognitive emotion regulation and increasing their confidence in problem-solving.

, , ,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017)

This study to do identifying processes and strategies of emotion regulation and designing developmental model based on self-regulation patterns. Thus, this study examined emotion regulation with a developmental perspective in children age 4 - 12 years In Tehran. To 108 children, scenarios including four emotions namely sadness, madness, worry and pain were read. After the stories were read to the subjects and duly understood by them, and once an emotional atmosphere was created, subjects had an emotion regulation interview (ERI) and observation. Findings show that emotion regulation developed from extra-organismic self-regulation (input and output) toward intra-organismic (central processing). This trajectory is situation, attention and perception change, responding and expression modulating and internal-cognitive regulation. 

Ms. Somaye Keshavarzi, Mr. Eskandar Fathi Azar, Mr. Mir Mahmoud Mirnasab, Mr. Rahim Badri Gargari,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017)

This research aimed to investigate the effect of metacognitive awareness on decision-making styles and emotion regulation in female high school students during 2016 in Tabriz, Iran. We conducted a pre- and post-test quasi-experimental research design with a control group. Two classes were selected by cluster sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental (n=19) and control (n=19) groups. A metacognitive awareness intervention program was performed in eight sessions (once a week in 90-minutes) for the experimental group but the control group did not receive any intervention and served as the benchmarking point of the comparison. The Decision Styles Questionnaire (Leykin & DeRubeis, 2010) and Regulation of Emotion Questionnaire (Phillips & Power, 2007) were administered. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA). The result showed a significant decrease in the score of the avoidant, anxious, intuitive, and spontaneous dimensions as well as a significant increase in the score of the dependent dimension of decision-making styles in the experimental group compared with the control group. Moreover, the scores of the dysfunction dimension of emotion regulation decreased significantly in the experimental group, while, the scores of the function dimension increased significantly.

Mr Abdollah Borhani, Dr Alireza Moradi, Dr Mehdi Akbary, Mis Rozhin Mirani,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (9-2017)


 Addiction has negative effects on people's psychological and social aspects. In fact, addiction is a chronic disease that causes various biological, psychological and social impact of.The aim of current study was Effectiveness of process emotion regulation strategies in improvement on executive functions  and quality of life in recovered addictions in drop in centers. The  method of this research is experimental that we used pre-tests and post-tests with control group. The sample consisted of 24 male  of recovered addictions in drop in centers that selected with accessible sampaling and randomly they have been appointed in experimental and control group. Experimental group recieved emotion regulation strategies based on gross model for ten sessions, while the control group don,t take any intervention. The information were assessed via Wisconsin card sorting test and quality of life questionnaire.The data were analyzed by analysis of multivariate covariance.  The results show that process emotion regulation strategies improve executive functions and  increase quality of life in experimental group. process emotion regulation strategies suggest positive clinical implications in substance abuse treatment  and relapse prevention.

Mis Saeideh Ghribnavaz, Dr Robabeh Nouri, Dr Maryam Moghadasin,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (1-2018)


The main purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship between cognitive emotion regulation, metacognition and test anxiety were evaluated in students according to the self-regulatory executive function model of wells and Matthews (1999). Data was analyzed through correlation, structural equation modeling. In this study 1000 students at second and third grade of public, governmental and gifted school were participated from October to November 2015 by cluster random sampling method. The participants completed cognitive emotion regulation inventory (Garnefski et al, 2001), test anxiety inventory (Abolghasemi: et al, 1995) and metacognition questionnaire (Cartwright-Hatton and Wells, 2004). Result of this study showed positive and negative cognitive emotion regulation had a mediating role in the relationship between Meta cognition and test anxiety in student. Metacognition had a direct and indirect effect on test anxiety by mediating role of positive and negative cognitive emotion regulation but negative cognitive emotion regulation had a more effect than positive cognitive emotion regulation in mediating role between meta cognition and test anxiety. To the result, focusing on the cognitive emotion regulation strategies can play on important role in student test anxiety. More interventions based on metacognition and negative cognitive emotion regulation in treatment for pathological test anxiety are suggested.

Ms Parisa Sharifi, Dr Seyyed Alimohammad Mousavi, Dr Jafar Hasani,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (9-2018)

The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the discrimination role of reinforcement sensitivity theory, emotion regulation processes strategies and cognitive flexibility in discrimination of people with internet addiction. The research design was a two-group diagnostic function. The study population included Internet user students at Imam Khomeini International University in Qazvin (18 to 35 years). Sample selection was done using convenience sampling method. The research sample consisted of 92 participants (46 = Internet addiction, 46 = normal). Data were collected using the Internet addiction inventory, cognitive flexibility inventory, emotion regulation process strategies inventory and Jackson's five-factor scale; and were analyzed using discriminant analysis. The findings showed that reappraisal and cognitive flexibility negatively, and then BAS, BIS and suppression positivey, in order, had the strongest relationship with the present function and discriminated the groups from each other. But the system of FFFS did not have a significant role in the discrimination of the two groups. In general, cognitive flexibility, emotion regulation processes strategies, and BAS and BIS sensitivity are important factors in discrimination people with Internet addiction from normal people.

Mrs Neda Mellat, Dr Soqra Ebrahimi Qavam, Dr Masoud Gholamali Lavasani, Dr Esmaeil Sadipur,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (10-2019)

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between different levels of cognitive, emotional and spiritual development with adult psychological well-being. For this purpose, a sample of 700 adults was selected using convenience sampling method in four age groups. Questionnaires were used consisted of Social Paradigm Belief Inventory(SPBI) ,Spiritual Well-Being(SHALOM), Interpersonal Reactivity Index(IRI), Spiritual Assessment Inventory(SAI) , Aggression Questionnaire(BPAQ –SF), Resilience Scale(CD-RISC-SF), Maladaptive Hedonism(MHQ), Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale(DERS), Machiavellian Egocentricity Scale(PPIR), Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ-6) ,Altruistic Behavior, Depression subscale of(SCL-90-R) and stress scale of (DASS-21). Research data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling .The findings showed that relativistic thinking has effect on Stress, empathy and difficulty in emotion regulation .and dialectical thinking has positive effect on empathy and spiritual well-being. Egocentrism has positive effect on difficulties in emotion regulation and spiritual weakness and negative effect on Spiritual well-being. Stress has positive effect on difficulties in emotion regulation. Difficulties in emotion regulation have positive effect on spiritual weakness and negative effect on Spiritual well-being. Also Empathy has positive effect on spiritual well-being. Spiritual weakness has positive effect on aggression, depression and maladaptive hedonism. It has a negative effect on altruism. Spiritual well-being has a negative effect on depression and maladaptive hedonism and a positive effect on resilience, altruism, and gratitude.

Shahrzad Moradkhani, Kamran Yazdanbakhsh,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2021)

Given the increase in criminal behaviors and the damage they cause in society; it is important to study the psychological factors that make people prone to crime or prevent it from committing. Accordingly, the present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of cognitive executive functions in the relationship between behavioral brain systems with cognitive emotion regulation in prisoner men. The research was descriptive-correlational. The study population included all men who were serving their sentences in Kermanshah Central Prison in 1398, from which 300 people were selected by convenience sampling method. The participants completed the Gray-Wilson Personality Questionnaire (GWPQ-28), Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and Cognitive Ability Questionnaire (Nejati, 2013). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and structural equations using SPSS22 and AMOS24. Findings showed that path analysis models of the relationship between behavioral brain systems and cognitive emotion regulation with executive functions' mediating role have a good fit. The results emphasize the importance of behavioral brain systems and executive functions in cognitive emotion regulation. As a result, paying attention to executive functions in controlling and cognitively regulating emotions and promoting them can be effective in reducing criminal behaviors.

Samira Nasr Abadi, S. M. Hossein Mousavi Nasab, Ghasem Askari Zadeh, Mohsen Shahba,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (10-2021)

Executive dysfunction is a hallmark of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is associated with significant complications. Deficiency in problem-solving, emotion regulation, and attention is one of the most common phenomena after brain injury. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term intervention of dual executive function on problem-solving, emotion regulation, and selective attention in patients with traumatic brain injury. This quasi-experimental design used pre-test and post-test with a control group. Twenty subjects with brain injury were selected with the Purposive sampling method. They were randomly entered into two experimental and control groups (10 in the experimental group and 10 in the control group). After performing the pre-test, the experimental group received the short-term intervention and double executive function in 8 sessions of 90 minutes, while the control group did not receive any intervention. The assessment was performed in two stages of pre-test-post-test using a set of software tests of the Tower of London, Stroop and John and Gross (2003) Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data. The results showed a significant difference in the mean scores between the experimental group and the control group in all variables after the test. Therefore, it can be concluded that short-term intervention of dual executive function has a significant effect on improving attention, emotion regulation, and problem-solving in people with traumatic brain injury.

Fateme Sharifmusavi,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (10-2022)

This study examined the associations among the executive functions, family cohesion, positive youth development and emotional maturity in adolescents, as well as the mediating role of emotion regulation in the relationship between executive functions, family cohesion, positive youth development and emotional maturity. Participants of this study included 300 high school students in grades 10 to 12 from six schools in Qom, Iran who completed the BRIEF2 Scale, the FACES IV, Positive youth development–short form, Emotional maturity questionnaire and Emotion Regulation Scale. Structural equation modeling revealed was positively associated executive functions with family cohesion, emotion regulation with emotional maturity and positive youth development. Also, the results indicated that no significant relationship between emotion regulation and family cohesion. Interaction-mediation analysis demonstrated that emotion regulation in the relationship between executive functions and family cohesion plays a full mediating role and in the relationship between executive functions and positive youth development and in the relationship between executive functions and emotional maturity has minor mediating role.  In generally, attention to the findings in this study can be used by researchers and therapists in the design and application of effective cognitive and psychological interventions to reduce the problems and mitigate the crises facing adolescents.
Zahra Tarazi, Molok Khademi Ashkezari, Mahnaz Akhavan Tafti,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (12-2023)

Aim: The aim of this research was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of attributional retraining program, emotion regulation and cognitive-social problem solving on Improvement of social adjustment and reduction of academic burnout in Students with early learning disabilities in Tehran. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest, and follow-up.The participants consisted of 40 students with learning disability of 8 to 12 years old.They were selected through Simple random sampling and randomly divided into 3 experimental groups and a control group. attributional retraining, emotion regulation and social-cognitive problem solving training were presented in 8 sessions, each lasting 1 hours, in the 3 experimental groups. Brosu et al. academic burnout Questionnaire and Sinha and Sing Social Adjustment questionnaire were used in the pretest, posttest, and follow-up stages. The data were analyzed using MANCOVA, ANCOVA. Findings: The results showed that attributional retraining, emotion regulation and social-cognitive problem solving training caused a significant increase in social adjustment and a significant decrease in academic burnout. In addition the emotional regulation and cognitive-social problem solving programs were more effective with the same effect than the attributional retraining program in increasing social adjustment. Conclusions: the use of the present research results can be effective in the designing of preventive educational programs and improving educational achievements.


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