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Showing 5 results for Metacognitive Beliefs

Z. Haghshenas, R. Nouri, A. R. Moradi, G. R. Sarami,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2014)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the coping styles, meta-cognitive beliefs and test anxiety by considering the mediating role of coping styles based on the Self-regulatory executive function in the university students. In 2010, 638 students of Tehran’s kharazmi University and Agricultural faculty of Tehran University were selected through Stratified sampling method from October to November. Students completed Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations of Endler and Parker, Test Anxiety Inventory, Metacognitions Questionnaire. In this study the correlational method was used. Spearman correlation test was used to determine the relationship between the variables and the path analysis method was used to determine the contribution of each component. The Results showed that the emotion-oriented and problem-oriented coping strategies had a mediating role in the relationship between the meta-cognition and test anxiety. But avoidance coping strategy had no mediating role in this relationship. Of five dimensions of meta-cognition, only the positive meta-cognitive beliefs and cognitive confidence had a direct effect on the test anxiety. But the effects of other dimensions were indirect. With respect to the results, focusing on the coping strategies and meta-cognitive beliefs can play an important role in the students’ test anxiety. It is suggested that the treatment interventions which are based on the meta-cognition and coping should be considered for treatment of test anxiety disorder.  

Yazdan Moradizadeh, Robabeh Nouri Ghasmabadi, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (1-2017)

The aim of present study was to investigation the role of metacognitive beliefs and thought control strategies in test anxiety symptoms of students. In a frame of correlation design, using multi-stage cluster sampling among high school students of Estahban and Shiraz in the 93-94 academic year, 401 students (male and female) were selected and completed test anxiety inventory (TAI), metacognitive questionnaire (MCQ-30) and thought control questionnaire (TCQ). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that the cognitive components of positive beliefs about worry, uncontrollability, danger and cognitive confidence had a positive relationship with test anxiety symptoms of students. Also, among thought control strategies, worry, social control and punishment had a positive relationship with test anxiety symptoms of student, but attention diversion had a negative relationship. The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis of variables combination showed that uncontrollability and danger, cognitive confidence, punishment and need to thoughts control predict test anxiety symptoms of students, respectively.  The results of this study suggests that one of important factors in incidence of test anxiety in students is metacognitive beliefs and copying strategies about them. Therefore, it is recommended that pay particular attention to metacognitive beliefs and copying strategies in the prevention programs or treatment of test anxiety. 

Hamid Hashemipour, Hadi Keramati, Javad Kavousian, Mehdi Arabzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (2-2021)

The aim of this research was to predict students' academic procrastination based on metacognitive beliefs about procrastination with the mediating role of test anxiety The research method was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included all undergraduate students of Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran in the academic year of 2019-20, from which 320 (206 females and 114 males) were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. The Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students, Spielberger test anxiety questionnaire and Metacognitive Beliefs about Procrastination Scale were used to collect data. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling. Findings showed that the suggested conceptual model has a good fit with the data. The variables of test anxiety and metacognitive beliefs about procrastination accounted for most of the variance in academic procrastination, respectively, and explained a total of 28% of its variance. Negative metacognitive beliefs about procrastination only indirectly affected academic procrastination through test anxiety, and full mediation was endorsed. According to the results, it can be concluded that negative beliefs about procrastination make students prone to test anxiety and academic procrastination. Therefore, modifying these beliefs can be considered as an intervention program to decrease test anxiety and academic procrastination.

Parisa Asadollahi, Mohammad Hosein Salarifar, Laila Talebzadah Shoshtari,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (10-2021)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of training metacognitive beliefs and state on working memory of elementary school students. This study was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test, post-test, follow-up and a control group design. The population consisted of elementary school students in Birjand. Forty-six students in the sixth grade were recruited via convenience sampling method. The participants were allocated to the experimental group (n = 23) and the control group (n = 23). The metacognitive training package was used to teach metacognitive beliefs and state. Moreover, the computer image recognition test (N-Back) was used to evaluate working memory. Data were analyzed using Mann Whitney U, Friedman and Wilcoxon tests. The findings indicated a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group. Furthermore, the experimental group showed higher levels of mean in working memory scores compared to the control group. The results of the follow-up test suggested the lasting effect of the training. According to the results of the present study, it can be concluded that training metacognitive beliefs and state might enhances students’ working memory.

Masoomeh Joharifard, Kianoosh Zahrakhar, Noorali Farrokhi, Mozhgan Mardanirad,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2024)

The risk-taking behaviors have increased among Iranian girls in recent years and risk-taking behaviors endanger their physical, mental, and social health. Therefore, present study aimed to discriminational role of metacognitive beliefs, identity styles, negative repetitive thoughts, resilience in prediction tendency to high-risk behaviors in girls aged 16-18 years. The research design was a two-group diagnostic function. The statistical population consists of all girls students aged 16-18 years in Karaj city in year academic 2019-2020. In this study, according to convenience sampling method, 360 people female students by formula Kline (2016) were selected as samples and participants were divided into two groups (64 girls as high risk and 296 girls as normal). Participants responded to Iranian adolescents risk-taking scale of Zadeh Mohammadi and et al (2011), meta-cognitions questionnaire of Cartwright-Hatton & Wells (1997), revised identity style inventory of Berzonsky and et al (2013), repetitive thinking questionnaire-10 of McEvoy and et al (2014) and resilience scale of Connor and Davidson (2003). Data were analyzed by SPSS-24 software, using discriminant analysis method. The results showed that metacognitive beliefs, identity styles, negative repetitive thoughts, resilience can help to prediction tendency to high-risk behaviors. Function discriminant analysis assigned 98/1 percent of the normal girls and high-risk behaviors. Based on the results of the present study, metacognitive beliefs, identity styles, negative repetitive thoughts, resilience is an important step in identifying the factors that are effective in tendency to high-risk behaviors in adolescents. Therefore, the results study can be useful for the design and development of on tendency to high-risk behaviors in adolescent’s prevention programs.

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