دوره 6، شماره 2 - ( 5-1398 )                   جلد 6 شماره 2 صفحات 240-229 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Baghbani-Arani َ, Modarres-Sanavi S A M, Mashhadi Akbar Boojar M, Adavi Z, Dehghanzade-Jezi H. The effect of water deficit stress on chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic pigments, trigoneline and grain yield in fenugreek in response to zeolite and nitrogen . NBR 2019; 6 (2) :229-240
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3083-fa.html
باغبانی آرانی ابوالفضل، مدرس ثانوی سید علی محمد، مشهدی اکبر بوجار مسعود، اداوی ظهراب، دهقان زاده جزی حمید. اثر تنش کم‌آبی بر شاخص‌های فلورسانس کلروفیل، رنگدانه‌های فتوسنتزی، تریگونلین و عملکرد دانه شنبلیله در واکنش به زئولیت و نیتروژن . یافته‌ های نوین در علوم زیستی. 1398; 6 (2) :229-240

URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3083-fa.html


استاد گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران ، abolfazlbaghbani@pnu.ac.ir
چکیده:   (4046 مشاهده)
 به‌منظور بررسی اثرات تنش کم‌آبی، کود نیتروژن و زئولیت بر شاخص‌های فلورسانس کلروفیل، رنگدانه‌ها، محتوای تریگونلین و عملکرد دانه شنبلیله، آزمایشی به‌صورت اسپلیت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک ‌کامل تصادفي با سه تکرار اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل پنج رژیم آبیاری  به‌عنوان عامل اصلی و ترکیب فاکتوریلی از سه تیمار کودی بر اساس نیتروژن مورد نیاز گیاه (شاهد، ورمی‌کمپوست به میزان 7/2 تن در هکتار و اوره به میزان 11 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و دو مقدار زئولیت (صفر و نه تن در هکتار) به‌عنوان عامل فرعی بودند. نتایج نشان دادند که تنش کم‌آبی به‌طور معنی‌داری، ماکزیمم فلورسانس (Fm)، فلورسانس متغییر(FV) ، کارایی فتوسیستم II (Fv/Fm محتوای کلروفیل a، b و کل (a+b) و عملکرد دانه را کاهش داد ولی فلورسانس حداقل (F0)، کارتنوئید و غلظت تریگونلین را افزایش داد. به‌علاوه، بیشترین میزان (Fv/Fm)، محتوای کلروفیل کل، کمترین میزان (F0) و کاروتنوئید در تیمار بدون تنش کم‌آبی دیده شد و با افزایش شدت تنش کم‌آبی از غلظت تریگونلین و عملکرد دانه کاسته شد. نتایج نشان داد که تنش کم‌آبی منجر به بازدارندگی نوری فتوسیستم  IIشد. در اکثر تیمارها کاربرد کود ورمی‌کمپوست باعث افزایش عملکرد (به‌ترتیب در سال اول و دوم 5/25 درصد و 98/32 درصد) و غلظت تریگونلین دانه شنبلیله (46/7 درصد در سال اول) شد. بنابراین توصیه می‌شود اگر هدف کاشت، تولید تریگونلین از دانه شنبلیله باشد، تنش کم‌آبی خفیف به‌همراه ورمی‌کمپوست می‌تواند تیمار مناسبی بدین منظور باشد.


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نوع مطالعه: مقاله پژوهشی | موضوع مقاله: علوم گیاهی
دریافت: 1396/11/18 | ویرایش نهایی: 1398/6/12 | پذیرش: 1397/6/4 | انتشار: 1398/5/8 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1398/5/8

فهرست منابع
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2. Acharya, S.N., Thomas, J.E. and Basu, S.K. 2008. Fenugreek, an alternative crop for semiarid regions of North America. - Crop Sci. 48: 841-53. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2007.09.0519]
3. Arancon, N.Q., Edwards, C.A., Bierman, P., Metzger, J.D. and Lucht, C. 2005. Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. - Pedobiol. 49: 297-306. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedobi.2005.02.001]
4. Arnon, D.I. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphennoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. - Plant Physiol. 24: 1-150. [DOI:10.1104/pp.24.1.1]
5. Basu, S.K. 2006. Seed production technology for fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in the Canadian. Master of Science Thesis. Department of Biological Sciences University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada pp: 202.
6. Cho, Y., Kodjoe, E., Puppala, N. and Wood, A.J. 2011. Reduced trigonelline accumulation due to rhizobial activity improves grain yield in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). - Acta Agri. Scand. B 61: 395-403. [DOI:10.1080/09064710.2010.494614]
7. Conming, L. and Zang, J. 2000. Photosynthetic CO2 assimilation chlorophyll fluorescence and photoihibiton as affected by nitrogen deficiency in maize plants. - J. Plant Sci. 151: 135-143. [DOI:10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00207-1]
8. Dadrasan, M., Chaichi, M. R., Pourbabaee, A. A., Yazdani, D. and Keshavarz-Afshar, R. 2015. Deficit irrigation and biological fertilizer influence on yield andtrigonelline production of Fenugreek. - Indust. Crops Prod. 77: 156-162. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.08.040]
9. Facchini, P.J. 2001. Alkaloid biosynthesis in plants: biochemistry, cell biology, molecular regulation, and metabolic engineering applications. - Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 52: 29-66. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.arplant.52.1.29]
10. Francheboud, Y. and Leipner, J. 2003. The application of chlorophyll fluorescence to study light, temperature and drought stress. In: De-Ell, J.R., P.M.A. Tiovonen (Eds.). Practical applications of chlorophyll fluorescence in plant biology. - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp: 125-150. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-0415-3_4]
11. Hassanzadeh, E., Chaichi, M.R., Mazaheri, D., Rezazadeh, S. and Badi, H.A.N. 2011. Physical and chemical variabilities among domestic Iranian fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum) seeds. - Asi. J. Plant Sci. 10: 323-330. [DOI:10.3923/ajps.2011.323.330]
12. Hazrati, S., Tahmasebi-Sarvestani, Z., Modarres-Sanavy, S. A. M., Mokhtassi-Bidgoli. A. and Nicola, S. 2016. Effects of water stress and light intensity on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and pigments of Aloe vera L. - Plant Physiol. Biochem. 106: 141-148. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.04.046]
13. Ippolito, A.J., Tarkalson, D.D. and Lehrsch, G.A. 2011. Zeolite soil application method affects inorganic nitrogen, moisture, and Corn growth. - Soil Sci. 176: 136-142. [DOI:10.1097/SS.0b013e31820e4063]
14. Jaleel, C.A., Manivannan, P., Wahid, A., Farooq, M., Jasim, H., Somasundaram, R. and Pannerselvam, R. 2009. Drought stress in plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. - Inter. J. Agricul. Biol. 11: 100-105.
15. Karimi, S., Nasri, M. and Ghoshchi, F. 2013. Investigation of drought stress on agro-physiological indices of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) with Zeolite application tested in the region of Varamin. - Inter. J. Agricul. Sci. 3: 894-903.
16. Khaleghi, E., Arzani, K., Moallemi, N. and Barzegar, M. 2012. Evaluation of chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and relationships between chlorophyll a, b and chlorophyll content index under water stress in Olea europaea cv. Dezful. - World Acad. Sci. Engin.Tech. 68: 1154-1157.
17. Mehrafarin, A., Rezazadeh, Sh., Naghdi Badi, H., Noormohammadi, G.H., Zand, E. and Qaderi, A. 2011. A review on biology, cultivation and biotechnology of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) as a valuable medicinal plant and multipurpose. - J. Med. Plants. 10: 6-24.
18. Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A., Agha Alikhani, M., Nassiri-Mahallati, M., Zand, E., Gonzalez-Andujard, J. L. and Azarie, A. 2013. Agronomic performance, seed quality and nitrogen uptake of Descurainia Sophia in response to different nitrogen rates and water regimes. - Indust. Crops Prod. 44: 583-592. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.09.018]
19. Movahhedy-Dehnavy, M., Modarres-Sanavy, S.A.M. and Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A. 2009. Foliar application of zinc and manganese improves seed yield and quality of sunfflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown under water deficit stress. - Indust. Crops Prod. 30: 82-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.02.004]
20. Paknejad, F., Majidi heravan, E., Noor mohammadi, Q., Siyadat, A. and Vazan, S. 2007. Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, chlorophyll content and grain yield of wheat cultivars. - Amer. J. Bioch. Biotech. 5: 162-169.
21. Ranjbar- Fordoei, A., Samson, R. and Van Damme, P. 2013. Some ecophysiological characteristics of artà (Calligonum comosum Hérit) in response to drought stress. - Forest Sci. Pract. 15: 114-120. [DOI:10.1007/s11632-013-0208-8]
22. Roy, S., Arunachalam, K., Kumar Dutta, B. and Arunachalam, A. 2010. Effect of organic amendments of soil on growth and productivity of three common crops viz. Zea mays, Phaseolus vulgaris and Abelmoschus esculentus. - Appl. Soil. Eco. 7: 39-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2010.02.004]
23. Shimizu, M.M. and Mazzafera, P.A. 2000. Role for trigonelline during imbibition and germination of coffee seeds. - Plant Bio. 605: 2-11. [DOI:10.1055/s-2000-16645]
24. Tunctürk, R., Celen, A.E. and Tunctürk, M. 2011. The effects of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizers on the yield and quality of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). - Turk J. Fie. Crops. 16: 69-75.
25. Abdalla, M.M. and El-Khoshiban, N.H. 2007. Metabolic and hormonal contents of two Triticium aestivum cultivars. - J. Appl. Sci. Res. 3: 2062-2074.
26. Acharya, S.N., Thomas, J.E. and Basu, S.K. 2008. Fenugreek, an alternative crop for semiarid regions of North America. - Crop Sci. 48: 841-53. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2007.09.0519]
27. Arancon, N.Q., Edwards, C.A., Bierman, P., Metzger, J.D. and Lucht, C. 2005. Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. - Pedobiol. 49: 297-306. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedobi.2005.02.001]
28. Arnon, D.I. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphennoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. - Plant Physiol. 24: 1-150. [DOI:10.1104/pp.24.1.1]
29. Basu, S.K. 2006. Seed production technology for fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in the Canadian. Master of Science Thesis. Department of Biological Sciences University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada pp: 202.
30. Cho, Y., Kodjoe, E., Puppala, N. and Wood, A.J. 2011. Reduced trigonelline accumulation due to rhizobial activity improves grain yield in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). - Acta Agri. Scand. B 61: 395-403. [DOI:10.1080/09064710.2010.494614]
31. Conming, L. and Zang, J. 2000. Photosynthetic CO2 assimilation chlorophyll fluorescence and photoihibiton as affected by nitrogen deficiency in maize plants. - J. Plant Sci. 151: 135-143. [DOI:10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00207-1]
32. Dadrasan, M., Chaichi, M. R., Pourbabaee, A. A., Yazdani, D. and Keshavarz-Afshar, R. 2015. Deficit irrigation and biological fertilizer influence on yield andtrigonelline production of Fenugreek. - Indust. Crops Prod. 77: 156-162. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.08.040]
33. Facchini, P.J. 2001. Alkaloid biosynthesis in plants: biochemistry, cell biology, molecular regulation, and metabolic engineering applications. - Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 52: 29-66. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.arplant.52.1.29]
34. Francheboud, Y. and Leipner, J. 2003. The application of chlorophyll fluorescence to study light, temperature and drought stress. In: De-Ell, J.R., P.M.A. Tiovonen (Eds.). Practical applications of chlorophyll fluorescence in plant biology. - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp: 125-150. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-0415-3_4]
35. Hassanzadeh, E., Chaichi, M.R., Mazaheri, D., Rezazadeh, S. and Badi, H.A.N. 2011. Physical and chemical variabilities among domestic Iranian fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum) seeds. - Asi. J. Plant Sci. 10: 323-330. [DOI:10.3923/ajps.2011.323.330]
36. Hazrati, S., Tahmasebi-Sarvestani, Z., Modarres-Sanavy, S. A. M., Mokhtassi-Bidgoli. A. and Nicola, S. 2016. Effects of water stress and light intensity on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and pigments of Aloe vera L. - Plant Physiol. Biochem. 106: 141-148. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.04.046]
37. Ippolito, A.J., Tarkalson, D.D. and Lehrsch, G.A. 2011. Zeolite soil application method affects inorganic nitrogen, moisture, and Corn growth. - Soil Sci. 176: 136-142. [DOI:10.1097/SS.0b013e31820e4063]
38. Jaleel, C.A., Manivannan, P., Wahid, A., Farooq, M., Jasim, H., Somasundaram, R. and Pannerselvam, R. 2009. Drought stress in plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. - Inter. J. Agricul. Biol. 11: 100-105.
39. Karimi, S., Nasri, M. and Ghoshchi, F. 2013. Investigation of drought stress on agro-physiological indices of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) with Zeolite application tested in the region of Varamin. - Inter. J. Agricul. Sci. 3: 894-903.
40. Khaleghi, E., Arzani, K., Moallemi, N. and Barzegar, M. 2012. Evaluation of chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and relationships between chlorophyll a, b and chlorophyll content index under water stress in Olea europaea cv. Dezful. - World Acad. Sci. Engin.Tech. 68: 1154-1157.
41. Mehrafarin, A., Rezazadeh, Sh., Naghdi Badi, H., Noormohammadi, G.H., Zand, E. and Qaderi, A. 2011. A review on biology, cultivation and biotechnology of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) as a valuable medicinal plant and multipurpose. - J. Med. Plants. 10: 6-24.
42. Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A., Agha Alikhani, M., Nassiri-Mahallati, M., Zand, E., Gonzalez-Andujard, J. L. and Azarie, A. 2013. Agronomic performance, seed quality and nitrogen uptake of Descurainia Sophia in response to different nitrogen rates and water regimes. - Indust. Crops Prod. 44: 583-592. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.09.018]
43. Movahhedy-Dehnavy, M., Modarres-Sanavy, S.A.M. and Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A. 2009. Foliar application of zinc and manganese improves seed yield and quality of sunfflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown under water deficit stress. - Indust. Crops Prod. 30: 82-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.02.004]
44. Paknejad, F., Majidi heravan, E., Noor mohammadi, Q., Siyadat, A. and Vazan, S. 2007. Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, chlorophyll content and grain yield of wheat cultivars. - Amer. J. Bioch. Biotech. 5: 162-169.
45. Ranjbar- Fordoei, A., Samson, R. and Van Damme, P. 2013. Some ecophysiological characteristics of artà (Calligonum comosum Hérit) in response to drought stress. - Forest Sci. Pract. 15: 114-120. [DOI:10.1007/s11632-013-0208-8]
46. Roy, S., Arunachalam, K., Kumar Dutta, B. and Arunachalam, A. 2010. Effect of organic amendments of soil on growth and productivity of three common crops viz. Zea mays, Phaseolus vulgaris and Abelmoschus esculentus. - Appl. Soil. Eco. 7: 39-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2010.02.004]
47. Shimizu, M.M. and Mazzafera, P.A. 2000. Role for trigonelline during imbibition and germination of coffee seeds. - Plant Bio. 605: 2-11. [DOI:10.1055/s-2000-16645]
48. Tunctürk, R., Celen, A.E. and Tunctürk, M. 2011. The effects of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizers on the yield and quality of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). - Turk J. Fie. Crops. 16: 69-75.

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