Volume 15, Issue 3 (12-2021)                   2021, 15(3): 40-55 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

zohoorparvandeh V, yaghobi H. The Relationship between Emotional Empathy and Family Communication Orientations with Students' Life Satisfaction in Corona Crisis: The Mediating Role of Compassion. Journal title 2021; 15 (3) : 3
URL: http://rph.khu.ac.ir/article-1-4157-en.html
1- , zohoory2002@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2910 Views)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional empathy and family communication orientations with students' life satisfaction during coronary heart disease crisis by considering the mediating role of compassion. This study was a structural equation in terms of correlation method and its statistical population included all high school students in the fifth and sixth districts of Mashhad in the academic year 1401-1400 to 1403 of which 301 of these students by Multi-stage clusters were selected. Data collection in this study was field method using life satisfaction questionnaires of Diner and Emmons, Larsen and Griffin (1985), communication orientations of Ritchie and Fitzpatrick family (1990), empathy Davis (1983) and compassion - short form of Reese et al. (2011) and structural equations were used to analyze the data and Amos-24 and SPSS-26 software were used in all statistical analyzes of this study. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between emotional empathy with life satisfaction and family communication orientations with life satisfaction. There is also a significant relationship between emotional empathy with compassion and family communication orientations with compassion. The results also showed that there is a significant relationship between compassion and students' life satisfaction during coronary heart disease crisis.
Article number: 3
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Counseling and educational psychology
Received: 2022/01/31 | Accepted: 2022/05/15 | Published: 2022/05/17

1. Jalloh, M. F., Li, W., Bunnell, R. E., Ethier, K. A., O Leary, A., & Hageman, K. M., et al. (2018). Impact of Ebola experiences and risk perceptions on mental health in Sierra Leone, July 2015. BMJ Global Health, 3 (2), e471. [DOI:10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000471]
2. Chang, S.H., Crogan, N.L., & Wung, S.F. (2007). The selfcare self-Efficacy Enhancement program for Chinese nursing home elders. Geriatr Nurs, 28(1), 31-36. [DOI:10.1016/j.gerinurse.2006.11.006]
3. Liu, S., Yang, L., Zhang, C., Xiang, Y., Liu, Z., & Hu, S., et al. (2020). mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry. [DOI:10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30077-8]
4. Huang, Y., & Zhao, N. (2020). Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 epidemic in China: a web-based cross-sectional survey. medRxiv. [DOI:10.1101/2020.02.19.20025395]
5. Rahimpour, F, Salehi, Abbasian, S. (2014). Explaining marital satisfaction of couples based on spiritual intelligence and initial maladaptive schema. Journal of Educational Management Research. 4. 89-77.
6. Ali, F., Amorim, I. S., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2009). Empathy deficits and trait emotional intelligence in psychopathy and Machiavellianism. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 758-762. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.06.016]
7. Hesse, C., Rauscher, E.A., Roberts, J.B., & Ortega, S.R. (2014). Investigating the role of hurtful family environment in the relationship between affectionate communication and family satisfaction. Journal of Family Communication, 14, 112-128. [DOI:10.1080/15267431.2013.866453]
8. BiShop, A., Martin, P., & Poon, L. (2006). Happiness and congruence in older adalhood: a Structural model of life satisfaction. Aging Ment Health, 10(5), 445-453. [DOI:10.1080/13607860600638388]
9. Lim, H.J., Min, D.K., Thorpe, L., & Lee, C.H. (2016). Multidimensional construct of life satisfaction in older adults in Korea: a six-year follow-up study. J BMC Geriatr, 16(1),197-218. [DOI:10.1186/s12877-016-0369-0]
10. Subasi, F., & Hayran, O. (2005). Evaluation Of Life Satisfaction Index of the elderly People living In nursing homes. Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 41(1), 23-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2004.10.005]
11. Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (2002). Toward a theory of Family Communication. Communication Theory, 12, 70-91. [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-2885.2002.tb00260.x]
12. Milkie, M., & Brieman, A. (2008). How adult children influence older parents mental health:Integrating stress-process and life-course perspectives. Social psychology quarterly , 71, 86-105. [DOI:10.1177/019027250807100109]
13. Fitzpatrick, M.A., & Koener, A.F. (2004). Family communication schema effect on children s resiliency running head: Family communication schemata, the evolution of key mass commiunication concepts: Honoring Jack M. McLeod, 115-139.
14. Nasiri Zarch, Z., Marashi, S.M., & Raji, H. (2014). The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Marital Satisfaction: 10-Year Outcome of Partners from Three Different Economic Levels. Iran J Psychiatry, 9(4),188-196.
15. Razmi, M.H. (2012). The Relationship between Emotional Empathy and Self-efficacy among Iranian EFL Institute Teachers. Iran J Psychiatry.
16. Rieffe, C., Ketelear, L., & Wiefferink, C. H. (2010). Assessing empathy in young children: construction and validation of an empathy questionnaire (em que). Personality and individual differences, in press. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.03.046]
17. Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. P. (2004). Empathy and offending: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9, 441-476. [DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2003.03.001]
18. Sousa, A. D., McDonald, S., Rushby, J., Li, S., Dimoska, A., & James, C. (2011). Understanding Deficits in Empathy After Traumatic Brain Injury: The Role of Affective Responsivity. A de Sousa et al. Cortex, 47(5), 526-535. [DOI:10.1016/j.cortex.2010.02.004]
19. Eisenberg, N., & McNally, S. (1993). Socialization and Mothers' and Adolescents' Empathy-Related Characteristics. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 3(2), 171-191. [DOI:10.1207/s15327795jra0302_4]
20. Borba, M. (2002). Building moral intelligence: The seven essential virtues that teach children to do the right thing. USA: Jossey- Bass.
21. Allan, F. (2009). The relationship between empathy subcomponents, emotional intelligence, Machiavellianism and emotional perception. Unpublished manuscript. Outcome not task performance or CWB.
22. Morris A. S., Silk J. S., Steinberg L., Myers S. S., Robinson L. R. (2007). The role of family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16, 361-388. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00389.x]
23. Wlodarski, R. (2015). The Relationship Between Cognitive and Affective Empathy and Human Mating Strategies. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 1(4), 232-240. [DOI:10.1007/s40806-015-0027-3]
24. Gleason K. A, Jensen-Campbell, L. A., & Ickes, W. (2009). The role of empathic accuracy in adolescent, peer relations and adjustment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(8), 997-1011. [DOI:10.1177/0146167209336605]
25. Zessin, U., Dickhauser, O., & Garbade, S. (2015). The relationship between self-compassion and wellbeing: A meta-analysis. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. doi:10.1111/aphw.12051. [DOI:10.1111/aphw.12051]
26. Cutierrez, S. M., Escarti C. A., & Pascual, C. (2011). Relationships among empathy, prosocial behavior, aggressiveness, self-efficacy and pupils' personal and social 52-responsibility. Psicothema, 23(1), 9-13.
27. Morin, A. (2015). Science Explains The Link Between Self-Compassion And Success. The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets.
28. Mülazım. Ç.Ö. & Eldeleklioğlu, J. (2016). What is the role of self-compassion on subjective happiness and life satisfaction?, International Journal of Human. Science, 13(3), 3895-3904. [DOI:10.14687/jhs.v13i3.4001]
29. Jennings, L.K., & Tan, P.P. (2014). Self-compassion and life satisfaction in gay men. Psychological Reports, 115(3), 888-895. [DOI:10.2466/21.07.PR0.115c33z3]
30. Abaci, R., & Arda, D. (2013). Relationship between Self-compassion and Job Satisfaction in White Collar Workers. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106(10), 2241-2247. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.255]
31. Mosewich, A., Kowalski, K., Sabiston, C., Sedgwick, W., & Tracy, J. (2011). Self- compassion: A potential resource for young women athletes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 33, 103-123. [DOI:10.1123/jsep.33.1.103]
32. Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K.D., & VanGucht D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self compassion scale. Clinical psychology and psychotherapy, 18, 250-255. [DOI:10.1002/cpp.702]
33. Zeller, M., Yuval, K., & Bernstein, A. (2014). Self-compassion in recovery following potentially traumatic stress: Longitudinal study of at-risk youth. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 43(4), 645-653. [DOI:10.1007/s10802-014-9937-y]
34. Diedrich, A., Grant, M., Hofmann, S.G., Hiller, W., & Berking, M. (2014). Self compassion as an emotion regulation strategy in major depressive disorder. Behaviour research and therapy. 58, 43-51. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2014.05.006]
35. Sabaitytė, E., & Diržytė, A. (2019). Psychological capital, self-compassion, and life satisfaction of unemployed youth. International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach,19, 49-69. [DOI:10.7220/2345-024X.19.3]
36. Allen, A.B., Goldwasser, E.R., & Leary, M.R. (2012). Self-compassion and wellbeing among older adults. Self Identity, 11(4),428-453. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2011.595082]
37. Taghribi, Z; Taghribi, L; Sharifi, Kh & Suki, Z. (2011). Psychometry of Form Z of Life Satisfaction Questionnaire in Iranian Students, Previous Quarterly, 10 (1), 13-5.
38. Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick M. A. (2002). Understanding family communication patterns and family functioning: The roles of conversation orientation and conformity orientation. Communication Year Book, 28, 36-68. [DOI:10.1207/s15567419cy2601_2]
39. Kouroshnia, M & Latifian, M (2007) Evaluation of validity and reliability of revised tools of family communication patterns. Family Research Quarterly, 3 (12), 875 - 855.
40. Khosravi, S; Sadeghi, M And Yabandeh,. (2014). Adequacy of Compassion Scale Psychometry (SCS). Quarterly Journal of Psychological Methods and Models, 3 (13), 59.
41. Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Battsat Allen, A., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of personality and social psychology, 92(5), 887. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.887]
42. Bluth, K., & Blanton, P. W. (2014). The influence of self-compassion on emotional well-being among early and older adolescent males and females. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(3), 219-230. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.936967]
43. Neff, K. D., & Costigan, A. P. (2014). Self-compassion, wellbeing, and happiness. Psychologie in Österreich, 114-117.
44. Magnus, C., Kowalski, K., & Mchugh, T. (2010). The role of self- compassion in women's selfdetermined motives to exercise and exercise-related outcomes. Self and Identity, 9, 363-382. [DOI:10.1080/15298860903135073]
45. Neff, K.D. (2003). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223-250. [DOI:10.1080/15298860309027]
46. Berry, K-A., Kowalski, K.C., Ferguson, L.J., & McHugh, T-L.F. (2010). An empirical phenomenology of young adult women exercisers' body self-compassion. Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise, 2, 293-312. [DOI:10.1080/19398441.2010.517035]
47. Neff, K.D., Rude, S.S., & Kirkpatrick, K. (2007). An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits. J Res Press; 41, 139-154. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.03.004]
48. Wei, M., Liao, K., K.U, Y., & Shaffer, P. (2011). Attachment, Self-Compassion, Empathy, and Subjective Well-Being among College Students and Community Adults. Journal of Personality, 79(1), 191 - 121. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00677.x]
49. Denis, K., & Beker, R (2015). The effect of selfcompassion on the irrational beliefs, selfdissociation and marital not satisfaction in couples. Journal of Personality assessment, 63 (2), 262 - 274.
50. Morin, C.M., Collechi, C., Stone, J., Sood, R., & Brink, D (2015). The effect of self-compassion on the forgiveness, resiliency and marital satisfaction of couples Journal of marital, 7(1),85-96.
51. Deminof, L. (2013). The efficacy of self-compassion on the adversity quotient, Emotion Regulation of marital woman. Journal Anxiety Disorder, 2010; 11: 279-315.
52. Neff, K., & Tirch, D. (2013). Self-compassion and ACT. In: Kashdan TB, Ciarrochi J, editors. Mindfulness, acceptance, and positive psychology: The seven foundations of well-being. Oakland, CA US: Context Press/New Harbinger Publications, 78-106.
53. Rasmussen, C. A., & Brems, C. (2010). The Relationship of Death Anxiety with Age and Psychosocial Maturity 2010. Journals Jobs Education Decision support Quality improvement Community BMJ .
54. Neff, K.D., Hsieh, Y.P., & Dejitterat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self Identity, 4(3), 263-287. [DOI:10.1080/13576500444000317]
55. Neff, K.D., & Costigan, A.P. (2014). Self-compassion, wellbeing, and happiness. Psychol Austria, 3(2),114-127.
56. Neff, K.D. (2012). The science of self-compassion. In: Germer C, Siegel R, editors. Compassion and Wisdom in Psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press, 79-92.
57. Gilbert, P., & Procter, S. (2006). Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self‐criticism: Overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clin Psychol [DOI:10.1002/cpp.507]
58. Psychother, 13(6),353-379.
59. Lee, H.S., Brennan, P.F., & Daly, B.J. (2001). Relationship of empathy to appraisal, depression, life satisfaction, and physical health in informal caregivers of older adults. Research in Nursing & Health. 24: 44-56. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-240X(200102)24:1<44::AID-NUR1006>3.0.CO;2-S [DOI:10.1002/1098-240X(200102)24:13.0.CO;2-S]
60. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-240X(200102)24:1<44::AID-NUR1006>3.0.CO;2-S https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-240X(200102)24:1<44::AID-NUR1006>3.0.CO;2-S [DOI:10.1002/1098-240X(200102)24:13.0.CO;2-S]
61. Jeni, L. Burnette, A., & Renae, F. (2009). Individual differences in implicit theories of relationships and partner fit: Predicting forgiveness in developing relationships. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences , 34, 45-56.
62. Fincham, F.D., & Beach, S.R.H. (2002). Forgiveness in marriage: Implications for psychological aggression and constructive communication. Personal Relationship, 9, 239-251. [DOI:10.1111/1475-6811.00016]
63. Trumpeter, N. N., Watson, P. J., O'Leary, B. J., & Weathington, B. L. (2008). Self-functioning and perceived parenting: Relations of parental empathy and love inconsistency with narcissism, depression, and selfesteem. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 160, (1), 51-71. Ripley, J., & Worthington, E.Jr. (2002). Hope-focused and forgivenessbased group interventions to promote marital enrichment, Journal of Counseling & Development, 80, 452-463. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2002.tb00212.x [DOI:10.3200/GNTP.169.1.51-71]
64. Marilaf Caro, M., San-Martín, M., Delgado-Bolton, R., Vivanco, L. (2017). Empathy, loneliness, burnout, and life satisfaction in Chilean nurses of palliative care and homecare services. Enferm Clin, 27(6), 379-386. [DOI:10.1016/j.enfcle.2017.04.010]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 |

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb