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Showing 7 results for باورهای فراشناخت

Shahram Mohammadkhani, Masaud Zafarpanahi‎,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2011)

Pathological Internet use, or internet addiction, is an emerging phenomenon that has got substantial attention by the researchers in the recent years. This study investigated the mediating role of metacognitive beliefs in the relationship between the negative emotions and internet addiction among the university students. A sample of 220 university students completed Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Metacognitive beliefs Questionnaire, and Internet Addiction Test. When it came to analyzing the data, the hypothesized mediating model was analyzed by the structural equation modeling. All dimensions of metacognitive beliefs were found to be positively and significantly correlated with the Pathological Internet use. Further, Positive and significant correlations were also observed between Pathological Internet use and negative emotions. The results of the structural equation modeling supported the hypothesis that the relationship between negative emotions and Pathological Internet use was mediated by metacognitive beliefs. Results of this study supported the effectiveness of metacognitive theory in Pathological Internet use ,and they could provide better understanding of the Pathological Internet use.
Isaac Rahimian Boogar‎, Manijeh ‎ Firoozi,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (3-2012)

components of Metacognitive beliefs. In a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive design, 224 college students, 116 female and 108 male students, in Semnan University were selected through simple random sampling, and completed the Demographical Information Questionnaire, Mental Health Inventory (MHI-38), and Metacognitions Questionnaire(MCQ-30). The data were analyzed through correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results showed that there was a significant negative relationship between positive beliefs about worry, beliefs about Uncontrollability and danger of thoughts, beliefs about the need in controlling the Thoughts, cognitive self-consciousness and psychological well-being. Furthermore, there was a significant positive relationship between the above mentioned variables and psychological distress. Beliefs about the need in controlling the thoughts, beliefs about Uncontrollability and danger of thoughts, and cognitive self-consciousness are capable of predicting psychological well-being in college students they, in total, account for 32% of psychological well-being. Cognitive self-consciousness, beliefs about Uncontrollability and danger of thoughts, and positive beliefs about worry are capable of predicting psychological distress in college students they, in total, account for 36% of psychological distress. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that positive beliefs about worry, beliefs about Uncontrollability and danger of thoughts, beliefs about the need in controlling the thoughts, and cognitive self-consciousness are important factors in decreasing psychological well-being and in increasing psychological distress in college students.
Fahimeh Ghahvehchi., Ali Fathi-Ashtiani, Parviz Azadfallah,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (9-2012)

study was conducted to examine the relationship between meta cognitive beliefs
and female students’ test anxiety coping styles by considering the role of ambivalent attachment. In a correlative study, 202 female students in the third grade of Yazd’s
middle school were selected by random cluster sampling and then completed the
Spielberger Anxiety questionnaire, Meta cognitive Beliefs
Questionnaire and Collins and Raid attachment questionnaire. Pearson's correlation test and regression
analysis were used to analyze the data. The present study showed that there was a positive relationship between
test anxiety and cognitive beliefs, avoidant coping style, emotional-based coping style and ambivalent attachment. Also there was direct and significant relationship between meta cognitive beliefs and
avoidant coping style, issue-oriented
copying style, emotional-based coping style and ambivalent
attachment. Emotional coping styles were also
positively and significantly oriented with ambivalent attachment. Results of the step by step regression analysis
showed that meta cognitive beliefs explained   27% of the variance the test anxiety by
themselves, while the coping style along with meta cognitive
beliefs explained approximately 32% of the variance of test anxiety and if
ambivalent attachment added to meta cognitive beliefs and
coping style, 34% of the variance of test anxiety can be explained
approximately. Due to the effectiveness of the proper use of coping styles in dealing with the test anxiety, the
necessary trainings in this area can prevent
the students from being challenged by the test anxiety which could have many
negative effects on their performance. Also parents as
those having a role in the formation of their children’s attachment should
undergo necessary training.
K, Mirzaie, M. H. Abdollahi, M, Shahgholian,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2014)

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between metacognitive beliefs, social anxiety and shyness considering the mediating role of emotion regulation. 700 high school students completed the Stanford Shyness and Social Anxiety questionnaires. According to the extreme scores in the scales, 110 subjects were selected as shy individuals and 46 subjects were selected as individuals with the social anxiety disorder. To distinguish the shy people with/without symptoms of social anxiety, the SPIN were performed on shy sample again and based on the extreme scores, there were 45 subjects with social anxiety symptoms and 60 subjects without social anxiety symptoms. 43 subjects in all three groups completed Emotion Regulation and Metacognitive Beliefs questionnaires. The results showed significant relationship between metacognitive beliefs, emotion regulationstrategies and social anxiety and shyness with/without symptoms of social anxiety. There was a significant relationship between metacognitive beliefs and suppression in social anxiety sample and between metacognitive beliefs and cognitive reappraisal in the shy group with symptoms but there was no significant relationship in shy group without symptoms. Regression analysis showed that some components if metacognitive beliefs including negative beliefs and thought control through suppression could predict the social anxiety better and those components of positive belief and cognitive assurance through cognitive reappraisal could predict the shyness with the symptoms of social anxiety. The results showed that the metacognitive beliefs could predict the shyness without the symptoms of anxiety through the mediation of emotion regulation.
, , ,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (5-2015)

The prevalence of high-risk behaviors in communities, especially in teens is a serious health threat that has received much attention in recent years. Therefore the aim of this study is to investigate the role of metacognitive beliefs and attitude to pre-marital relationships in anticipation of risky behaviors in adolescents. Accordingly, a correlational descriptive research method was selected. The research population consisted of adolescents with 17 to 20 years old of district 12 of tehran in 1393. The sample consisted of 80 adolescents in 40 girls and 40 boys who were selected by convenience sampling. To collect data, we used 30-point meta cognition questionnaire(MCQ-30), scale of attitude to pre-marital relationships, and high-risk behaviors scale. The results of current study showed that there was a negative and significant relationship between all components of metacognition and a variety of high-risk behaviors. As well as, there was a positive and significant relationship between attitude toward pre-marital relationships and tendency to high-risk behaviors. Then, regression analysis showed that attitude to pre-marital relationships includes highest predictive power for tendency to relation with the opposite sex which is a component of high-risk behaviors. As well as, among the components of metacognition, the component of need to thoughts control, includes the highest predictive power for high-risk behaviors.

Fatemeh Abbasi Tehrani, Dr Mohammad Naghi Farahani, Dr Mahnaz Shahgholian Ghahfarrokhi, Dr Balal Izanloo,
Volume 16, Issue 2 (9-2022)

This study aimed to develop and introduce training package of chronic pain self-management interventions and evaluate its effects on improving pain self-management (PSM), mindfulness skills (MS), metacognitive beliefs (MB), and cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). The statistical population included all patients with CMP who were referred to Tehran hospitals between June 2020 and December 2021. Among these, 22 people (two experimental and control groups) of eligible individuals were selected by voluntary sampling method and examined during a quasi-experimental design. The experimental group underwent 8 online intervention sessions and were evaluated online by GSCS-7, PSMC-18, FFMQ-39, MCQ-30 and CERQ-18 during tree sessions (pre-test, post-test and follow-up). Data were analyzed by MANKOVA. According to the results, the overall effects of the self-management interventions were significant (p < 0.05). Also the interventions had a significant effects on improving PSM, increasing the use of MS, and improving CERS (p<0.05), however, the interventions had no significant effects on reducing dysfunctional MB (p < 0.05). Considering the evidence from this study, the authors believe that the use of chronic pain self-management interventions for people with CMP has significant clinical benefits, so its use is recommended to health care providers.
Yaser Bodaghi, Eshag Rahimian Boogar,
Volume 17, Issue 2 (9-2023)

The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing metacognitive beliefs and pain catastrophizing between women with fibromyalgia syndrome, women with chronic pain and normal women. In this research, 40 people with fibromyalgia syndrome, 40 people with chronic pain and 40 normal people were selected from the women of Tehran. The participants completed two scales, the short form of the Wells Metacognition Questionnaire and the standard pain catastrophizing questionnaire. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance and post hoc tests in SPSS 26 software. The results of the one-way analysis of variance test show that the mean scores of the pain catastrophizing variable are higher in the fibromyalgia group than in the chronic pain group and are higher in the chronic pain group than in the normal group. The results of multivariate variance analysis of metacognitive beliefs show that, except for the variable of positive belief about worry, the average of metacognitive beliefs in fibromyalgia and chronic pain groups is higher than the normal group. According to the findings of this research, dealing with metacognitive beliefs and pain catastrophizing in the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia and chronic pain should be taken into account.

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