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M, Akbarzadeh, J, Hatami, R, Rostami, Z, Salehi,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2014)

The aim of this research was to investigate the executive functions in two groups of individuals with opioid-dependent, amphetamine- dependent and to compare them with the executive functions in the individuals of the control group. Executive functions were investigated in 4 sub-scales including working memory sustain attention, inhibitory control and planning. To do so, 90 participants were selected via simple nonrandom or convenience sampling. Of these participants, 30 individuals were opioid-dependent, 30 individuals were amphetamine dependent and 30 individuals were healthy. Subjects of the study were evaluated using color-word Stroop, Wisconsin card sorting, continuous performance and digit span sub-scale test. The results of one way analysis of variance indicated significant deficits in amphetamine dependent group in 4 sub-scales of executive functions, but opioid dependent individuals had deficits in inhibitory control and planning compared to the control group. As a result, there were more deficits in the executive functions of amphetamine group in comparison to the opioid-dependent and control group. There were fewer deficits in the opioid-dependent group in comparison to the Amphetamine- dependent group.
Farhad Khormaei, Fateme Azadi Dehbidi, Shiva Haghjoo,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (6-2016)

The present study was aimed at investigating the role of patience to predict the difficulty of emotional regulation in students. Research participants were 400(155 males and 245 females) bachelor students of Shiraz University that were chosen using the multi-stage cluster sampling method from various colleges of  the University, and they have responded to Difficulties in Emotion Regulation scale(  (DERS) and patience scale. The reliability of the research instruments was determined  by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and their validity was determined by factorial analysis. Results of path analysis using the structural equation in AMOS software showed that the patience is a negative and significant predictor of difficulties in emotion regulation, and by increasing the patience score(grade) and its components, the score of difficulites in emotion regulation is reduced. Accordingly, it is proposed that patience education and its components are used as the major center of emotional control. These educations, in addition to reinforce the moral virtues of students, will be effective help in facilitate the emotions regulation.

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