Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2014)                   JCP 2014, 2(2): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaeilpoor K, Nazari M A, Alimohammadi A. The effect of self-focused attention on memory bias in individuals with social anxiety. JCP 2014; 2 (2) :1-9
URL: http://jcp.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2228-en.html
Abstract:   (7588 Views)

The purpose of the present study was to compare effects of self-focused attention on memory bias in individuals with social anxiety. To do this, 45 male students in Tabriz University were selected to participate in the study who had higher scores in Connor social phobia inventory (SPIN) than its cut point. The sampling method was available. Participants were randomly divided into three groups: two experimental groups and one control group. All the subjects were presented the emotionally words to recall. During the experiment, one group received the false feedback of increased self-focused attention, and the other group received the false feedback of decreased self-focused attention. The control group received non-relevant feedback. Next, previous emotional words were presented with a series of other words for subjects to recognize. Using signal detection theory, response bias (ß) and response sensitivity (d'), were calculated for the recognition of emotional words. The data was analyzed by MANOVA. The results showed that there is significant difference in response sensitivity among three groups, but no significant difference in response bias was seen among the groups. Based on the findings, sensitivity of people with social anxiety in dealing with stressful situations and negative social and also individual memory bias were confirmed.  

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Type of Study: Research |
Accepted: 2016/06/12 | Published: 2016/06/12

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